Multimodal Transport Security
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Multimodal Transport Security

Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport

Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades

The rapid growth of multimodal (intermodal) passenger and freight has created dangerous new security issues. This book addresses these issues with a multidisciplinary perspective. The evolution of policies and the organization of practices in several key countries are also described in depth. By analysing the similarities and differences in these priorities, frameworks and policies, this work identifies relevant benchmarks and best practices. It will be relevant for scholars, practitioners, and policy makers across a wide range of fields.
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Chapter 11: Multimodal freight transportation security in Brazil

Michael J. Williams


Brazil, formally known as the Federal Republic of Brazil, is the largest and most populated country in South America. Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, and every other country in South America except Ecuador and Chile, Brazil faces a variety of cultures and neighboring governments. Claimed by Portugal in 1500, Brazil gained its independence in 1822 after three centuries of Portuguese rule and was then governed by a monarchical system until the military proclaimed it a republic in 1889. There were several military and populist governments until the military peacefully relinquished power to civilian rulers in 1985 (Fausto, 1999; CIA Factbook, 2013). Organized into 26 states and a federal district, Brazil has a network of 5564 municipalities connected by a myriad of roads, rail lines, airports and waterways. Brazil’s GDP makes it the seventh largest economy in the world as well as one of the fastest growing, and as such it has been grouped with three other emerging countries referred to as the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China).

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