Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
Chapter 13: Economic and policy issues in multimodal passenger transport security
The years following the events of 9/11 have been marked by a raised interest in transportation security from both researchers and public administrations. Several programs and initiatives have tackled the security dimension of transportation for virtually all modes. However, it must be emphasized that fewer analyses have been devoted to multimodal passenger transport with respect to freight transport. This has happened despite the fact that multimodal passenger transport systems may be a likely target for potential terrorists, given that their hubs normally concentrate a large amount of people on predictable days and at predictable times, as became tragically clear in March 2004 at the Madrid railway stations of Atocha, El Pozo del Tio Raimundo, Santa Eugenia and Calle Telez where concurrent terrorist bombings killed 191 people and wounded almost 1800. Moreover, the intermodal nature of these hubs may generate weaknesses due to the different security protocols that are deployed in the various transport modes (i.e. the degree of security that characterizes the railway or metro stations that adjoin an airport may be different, and, most probably, lower to that arranged within the airport). It must also be considered that multimodal systems emerge as economically feasible only if there is the possibility to take advantage of a critical mass and thus to move many people on the same vector in the main arcs of the system.
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