Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
For much of its existence, Israel has been the target of numerous terroristic organizations, which in their attempt to achieve political gains and recognition have attacked practically every form of public transportation resulting in thousands of civilian deaths and many more wounded (Rubin, 1994; Beres, 1995). These attacks have sought to exploit the vulnerabilities of civic transportation. While aviation security has drawn most of the international attention, Israel has to deal with a more common, albeit less noticeable, problem – the problem of public and private road traffic. Although more people die in car accidents than in terror attacks on transportation, the Israeli government has put much effort into preventing terror attacks; sometimes even more than the efforts to prevent car accidents, even though Israel Defense Forces (IDF) are also involved in car accident analysis and prevention (Grinberg and Wiseman, 2007, 2010, 2013). For example, in 2013, 309 people died in many transportation accidents, whereas there were only a few terrorist attacks on transportation means and only two casualties. In this chapter we discuss the many dimensions of the problem of transportation security in Israel and how Israel has come to deal with these threats of terroristic attacks. Special attention is given to Israel’s security issues and their solutions in the interface between the different modes of transportation, for example when passengers transfer between train and bus or when buses cross security posts between the Judea and Samaria region and the rest of Israel.
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