Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
Chapter 18: Multimodal passenger transportation security in Brazil
As one of the rapidly growing developing nations in the so-called BRIC group, Brazil is often overshadowed by the more populous India and China. Yet, Brazil ranks fifth in the world in both population and landmass (CIA Factbook, 2013). Further, it faces far fewer strategic international security threats than the other BRICS; it currently has no border conflicts like the Indian–Pakistani ‘war’ with its neighbors, nor is it facing any internal insurgencies like the Chechnyan threat to Russia or the Maoist threat in Nepal and northeast India. None of Brazil’s near neighbors is a nuclear threat or likely to be in the foreseeable future. It is also rich in natural resources (Stuenkel, 2010). In a time of rising fuel prices, Brazil is virtually energy independent, exporting roughly as much oil as it imports and continuing to increase its production of ethanol made from sugar cane (Reel, 2006). Recent offshore oil finds could make Brazil the fourth-largest oil producing nation in the world by 2020 (Romero, 2011). In short, Brazil is well-positioned to be a key player in its region and the world in the twenty-first century. Brazil will host the World Cup competition in 2014 and the Summer Olympic Games in 2016.
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