Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
- Comparative Perspectives on Transportation Security series
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
Chapter 19: Conclusions
The goal of this book has been to provide a theoretical and practical review of the safety and security issues associated with transports of freight and/or passengers via road, rail, water or air, or so-called multimodal transportation. As has been noted in the Introduction and by Nieuwenhuis (Chapter 2), the first challenge is to define the concept of intermodalism and to distinguish between multimodal and intermodal transportation. Multimodal transportation literally means the use of more than one mode of transport for the movement of people or goods from an origin to a destination. The term intermodal, on the other hand, refers to a very different analytical concept; intermodal suggests a level of integration, coordination, and efficiency that may well be missing from a simple multimodal journey. Though ‘intermodalism’ captures the essence of the process, what the process actually involves remains unclear as is evident if we consider some of the ways in which the term has been defined. For example, consider the following popular definition: ‘the coordinated passage of goods and people by way of two or more of the primary modes of transport (sea, air, rail, road) from origin to destination as defined by the passenger or the shipper and consignee, with a single travel directive bill of lading or ticket and a single price covering the entire trip’ (Alt et al., 1997, p. 36ff.).
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