Integrating Social and Employment Policies in Europe Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance
Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance
Edited by Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice
Chapter 6: The local governance of social inclusion policies in Italy: working via ‘organ pipes’
AbstractIn Chapter 6 on Italy, Serida L. Catalano, Paolo R. Graziano and Matteo Bassoli discuss the extent to which devolution has brought about a territorial/institutional and sectorial task division in the fields of employment and social policy at the Italian local level. Departing from a detailed analysis of local activation governance modes in Italy, the authors highlight how a specialization ethos that pervades the entire Italian bureaucratic system shapes both the multilevel (vertical) and multidimensional (horizontal) coordination of the policy fields related to activation. In particular, Catalano, Graziano and Bassoli emphasize that the multidimensional divide exacerbates the multilevel divide. One prominent reason for this is the predominance of politics over administration in Italy, which leads to a highly fragmented multidimensional and multilevel coordination in all three Italian city cases analysed in the chapter.
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