Integrating Social and Employment Policies in Europe
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Integrating Social and Employment Policies in Europe

Active Inclusion and Challenges for Local Welfare Governance

Edited by Martin Heidenreich and Deborah Rice

A central goal of European activation policies is to integrate social and employment policies into a coherent active inclusion approach that fosters social cohesion and enhances the employment chances of vulnerable groups. This requires a reorganisation of social and employment services especially at the local level. On the basis of empirical studies of six European welfare states, this book explores how different institutional contexts influence localised service delivery and how local actors deal with the associated coordination challenges.
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Chapter 6: The local governance of social inclusion policies in Italy: working via ‘organ pipes’

Serida L. Catalano, Paolo R. Graziano and Matteo Bassoli


In Chapter 6 on Italy, Serida L. Catalano, Paolo R. Graziano and Matteo Bassoli discuss the extent to which devolution has brought about a territorial/institutional and sectorial task division in the fields of employment and social policy at the Italian local level. Departing from a detailed analysis of local activation governance modes in Italy, the authors highlight how a specialization ethos that pervades the entire Italian bureaucratic system shapes both the multilevel (vertical) and multidimensional (horizontal) coordination of the policy fields related to activation. In particular, Catalano, Graziano and Bassoli emphasize that the multidimensional divide exacerbates the multilevel divide. One prominent reason for this is the predominance of politics over administration in Italy, which leads to a highly fragmented multidimensional and multilevel coordination in all three Italian city cases analysed in the chapter.

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