Spatial Dynamics in the Urban Century
Edited by Karima Kourtit, Peter Nijkamp and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 6: Entrepreneurial governance for local growth
In Sweden, as elsewhere, local governments address not only local service provision but also development, although local development is largely a function of economic forces at the regional, national and global levels. Few local governments have the resources to make the kinds of capital investments often required to significantly improve development potential. Therefore, local development initiatives often require investment and policies coordinated with other local governments, regional authorities and national agencies as well as private firms. The planning literature therefore emphasizes the importance of local institutional capacity for innovation and collaboration with a range of public and private partners (Cars et al. 2002, Rader Olsson 2009.) Some have described the phenomenon of local government efforts to actively foster expansion and economic development as entrepreneurial behavior (Wilks-Heeg et al. 2003). However, the insights from the literature on entrepreneurship have not been brought to bear in the planning and governance literature. This chapter therefore explores the concept of entrepreneurship as applied to the efforts of local governments to promote development in new ways and in new forms.
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