Morality and Justice in Islamic Economics and Finance
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Morality and Justice in Islamic Economics and Finance

Muhammad Umer Chapra

Mankind is faced with a number of serious problems that demand an effective solution. The prevalence of injustice and the frequency of financial crises are two of the most serious of these problems. Consisting of an in-depth introduction along with a selection of eight of Muhammad Umer Chapra's essays – four on Islamic economics and four on Islamic finance – this timely book raises the question of what can be done to not only minimize the frequency and severity of the financial crises, but also make the financial system more equitable.
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Chapter 3: Ethics and economics: the Islamic imperative

Muhammad Umer Chapra


All human beings living on this planet wish to ensure their well-being. This is but natural and in conformity with human nature. Accordingly, there seems to be hardly any difference of opinion among all societies around the world that the ultimate purpose of development has to be the promotion of human well-being. There is, however, considerable difference of opinion in the understanding of what constitutes real well-being. Although some people tend to emphasize primarily the material contents of well-being, the general tendency seems to be that the realization of true well-being requires the satisfaction of both the material as well as non-material and spiritual needs of the human personality. While a rise in income and wealth can help satisfy the basic material needs of the human personality, it may not necessarily be able to satisfy by itself all the non-material and spiritual needs. This leads us to another related question of what these non-material and spiritual needs are that a rise in income and wealth may not necessarily be able to satisfy. This is where ethics and economics interact with each other meaningfully. While ethics specifics the goals and values as well as the non-material needs the satisfaction of which is necessary to ensure the true well-being of all, economics helps analyze the ways through which these goals may be realized within the framework of available resources and agreed values.

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