Research Handbook on International Financial Crime
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Research Handbook on International Financial Crime

Edited by Barry Rider

A significant proportion of serious crime is economically motivated. Almost all financial crimes will be either motivated by greed, or the desire to cover up misconduct. This Handbook addresses financial crimes such as fraud, corruption and money laundering, and highlights both the risks presented by these crimes, as well as their impact on the economy. The contributors cover the practical issues on the topic on a transnational level, both in terms of the crimes and the steps taken to control them. They place an emphasis on the prevention, disruption and control of financial crime. They discuss, in eight parts, the nature and characteristics of economic and financial crime, the enterprise of crime, business crime, the financial sector at risk, fraud, corruption, the proceeds of financial and economic crime, and enforcement and control.
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Chapter 3: Financial crime: a historical perspective

George Gilligan


In recent decades the financial sectors of Australia, the UK, the US and indeed most countries have not enjoyed great popularity with the broader community as the repercussions of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) continue to unwind and scandals roll across the front pages of newspapers and television screens with depressing regularity. For example in the UK, the mis-selling of pensions scandal in the 1980s and early 1990s, when UK regulatory authorities acknowledged that as many as 1,500,000 people may have been wrongly advised to withdraw from company pension schemes by insurance companies and financial advisers. And guess what? In eerily similar contexts, through 2012 and 2013 it became increasingly clear that systematic payment protection insurance mis-selling had been undertaken by UK banks for many years, showing how little they had learnt (cared?) about the lessons of the pensions mis-selling scandal twenty years earlier. Since the latest mis-selling scandal was exposed, UK banks have set aside more than £12 billion to cover compensation to their customers for mis-selling them payment protection insurance; Lloyds Banking Group alone has set aside £5.3 billion. For a London based financial sector scandal which has global implications it is hard to escape the ongoing investigations and potential future prosecutions by regulatory authorities surrounding systematic manipulation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor).

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