Edited by Lorraine Elliott and William H. Schaedla
Chapter 16: International jurisdictional challenges in the suppression of transnational environmental crime
This chapter examines the jurisdictional challenges to the suppression of transnational environmental crime (TEC). It proceeds by examining existing legal mechanisms for fighting TEC and identifies problems in them. It then considers how national environmental law enforcement authorities may engage more effectively across national borders and identifies possible approaches to improve international efforts to combat TEC. Environmental law became globalized in the final decade of the twentieth century. The United Nations (UN) Conference on Environment and Development at Rio in 1992 inaugurated an international agenda for sustainable development and triggered the adoption of major multilateral treaties and action plans. More recently, criminal law has also entered a phase of globalization. The International Criminal Court came into being in 2002, with jurisdiction over universal crimes against the international community in international law. In relation to transnational crime, international arrangements for legal cooperation between states surged in number and substance in the first decade of the twenty-first century. This second decade is a pivotal moment to develop international legal cooperation to combat TEC.
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