Edited by Lorraine Elliott and William H. Schaedla
Chapter 25: The International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC)
As other contributions to this volume have demonstrated, countering transnational organized wildlife crime at the national level only is, in most cases, insufficient. It also requires increased international coordination and collaboration amongst governments and enforcement agencies. This need for increased cooperation amongst key institutions involved in the fight against wildlife crime, coupled with increased levels of awareness of wildlife crime and the calls from the international community to counter illegal wildlife trade, encouraged the establishment of the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC). The development of the ICCWC was also motivated by a number of other factors. Key amongst them were growing concerns about the changing nature of wildlife crime and the increased sophistication and involvement of organized crime, as well as the fractured – or inadequate – nature of responses at national, regional and international levels such as the lack of use of modern investigative techniques and other tools, such as risk profiling, controlled deliveries and covert and intelligence-led operations, that are essential to combat transnational crime successfully.
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