Enforcing Transnational Private Regulation
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Enforcing Transnational Private Regulation

A Comparative Analysis of Advertising and Food Safety

Paul Verbruggen

Most recent studies on transnational private regulation have limited themselves to the examination of a single regime, industry or sector. This book fills a gap in the current literature, offering a rich comparative study of the institutional design of transnational private regulation in the fields of advertising and food safety.
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Chapter 7: Institutional design of private food safety certification schemes

Paul Verbruggen


Third-party certification has emerged as the central institutional mechanism through which compliance with transnational private food safety standards is monitored and enforced. This chapter discusses the institutional design of third-party certification. It will do so by assessing and comparing the certification schemes of three GFSI-recognised private food safety standards, namely the BRC Global Standard for Food Safety, the GlobalGAP Integrated Farm Assurance and FSSC 22000. The third-party certification schemes supplementing these standards are among the most widely applied food quality assurance schemes in the world. The BRC scheme concerns manufactured or processed food, while the GlobalGAP scheme applies to primary produce, that is, agricultural products such as crops (fruits and vegetables), livestock (bovine, pigs, poultry, lamb) and aquaculture. The FSSC 22000 scheme certifies food safety management systems of all organisations in the food supply chain. The FSSC 22000 scheme thus constitutes a scheme for system certification, while the schemes governed by the BRC and GlobalGAP can be characterised as product certification schemes.

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