Peace and Justice at the International Criminal Court
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Peace and Justice at the International Criminal Court

A Court of Last Resort, Second Edition

Errol P. Mendes

This book focuses on how the International Criminal Court seeks accountability for the most serious crimes. Errol P. Mendes dives deep into the facts and rulings of the Court that involved some of the most serious conflicts in recent times to demonstrate that justice is critical for sustainable peace. What results is a detailed but honest critique of where the Court succeeds and where it needs to improve. The author goes on to provide a prediction of the greatest challenges facing the Court in the foreseeable future. This book is a valuable resource for academics and students in international criminal law and practice, public international relations, political science, military and, war studies etc.
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Chapter 2: The first decades in the fight against impunity by the Court and unfounded allegations of bias against Africa

Errol P. Mendes


This chapter provides an overview of the main investigations and prosecutions carried out by the Court in the first 16 years of its existence. The chapter deals with one of the major challenges faced by the Court in this early period of a permanent global court, namely the criticism that substantially all its investigations and prosecutions have been in Africa. The chapter critiques the allegations that the ICC is a western court that is biased against Africa and reckless as to the potential for peaceful settlement of conflicts in Africa. The chapter details how these critiques are ignorant of the facts that have given rise to the first investigations and prosecutions by the ICC. The chapter deals with how the UN Security Council has added to the workload of the Court by referring cases in Sudan and Libya without properly assisting the Court in fulfilling its prosecution in these cases.

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