Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy
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Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization

  • New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe

Innovation and entrepreneurship are the prime drivers in the global economy. This scholarly book identifies some of the key forces behind innovation and entrepreneurship at the same time as it closes the gap between science and technology R & D, innovation, entrepreneurship, productivity growth, and internationalization. The expert contributions explore the underlying forces and add substantial theoretical and empirical knowledge to the current state-of-the-art in several research fields including the economics of innovation and entrepreneurship, regional economics, economic geography and international economics.
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Chapter 12: Closing the gap: empirical evidence on firms’ innovation, productivity and exports

Viroj Jienwatcharamongkhol and Sam Tavassoli

Abstract

It is well known that exporters are productive firms, but the source of their productivity is left unexplained. This chapter aims to endogenize the productivity heterogeneity of exporting firms by incorporating innovation in a structural model framework. In doing so, we close the gap between the innovation–productivity and productivity–export literature. Two waves of the Swedish Community Innovation Survey (CIS) are merged. This allows for a setup that takes into account the links from innovation input to innovation output and also from innovation output to productivity and exports. The main findings highlight that exporters are productive firms with innovation output in the past, which in turn was driven by prior R & D and other innovation activity investments.

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