A Triangular Relationship
Edited by Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay
Chapter 8: Engaging with Central Asia: China compared to the European Union
In highlighting the recent evolution of China’s and the European Union’s (EU) involvement in Central Asia, this chapter offers an analysis of both actors’ relations with five countries: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. In doing so, the chapter starts with a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the evolution of trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) and aid flows between both the EU and China and the Central Asian countries. This is followed by an outline of the main bilateral initiatives, partnerships and agreements developed by China and the EU with Central Asia. Particular attention is paid in this outline to the factors that have been driving the EU’s and China’s interests in establishing stronger ties with the region. The chapter ends with a summary of the main points discussed.
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