China, the European Union and the Developing World
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China, the European Union and the Developing World

A Triangular Relationship

Edited by Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay

China, the European Union and the Developing World provides a comparative analysis of Chinese and EU influence across five different regions of the developing world: Asia-Pacific; South and Central Asia; the Middle East and North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; and Latin America. While there is broad acknowledgement that the importance of China is rising across the developing world, this book offers a comprehensive and comparative account of the relative increase of the Chinese presence in the various different regions. It highlights its impact on the relationship between the EU and the developing world regions and shows how the rise of China affects the relations between these regions and Europe.
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Chapter 9: The evolution of European and Chinese interests in the MENA region

Karima Fachqoul and Jean-Christophe Defraigne


MENA (Middle East and North Africa) refers to what some pejoratively call the Arab world, a generic name that in reality masks great heterogeneity. The region covers an area that stretches from the Maghreb territories to Iran through Israel and Turkey. It is thus a space consisting of several sub-regions (the Maghreb, the Middle East, the Gulf monarchies, and so on) which themselves cover deep ethnic, religious, linguistic or economic disparities. Moreover, MENA has long been and remains coveted by foreign powers, making it one of the most penetrated regions in the world and the subject of much rivalry (economic, political and military) and confrontation between the great powers. The region and its present-day borders have been determined in large part by Western European diplomatic and colonial policy. Analysis of the history of North Africa and Middle East is essential to understanding the region’s contemporary relationships with both the European Union and China.

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