China, the European Union and the Developing World
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China, the European Union and the Developing World

A Triangular Relationship

Edited by Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay

China, the European Union and the Developing World provides a comparative analysis of Chinese and EU influence across five different regions of the developing world: Asia-Pacific; South and Central Asia; the Middle East and North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; and Latin America. While there is broad acknowledgement that the importance of China is rising across the developing world, this book offers a comprehensive and comparative account of the relative increase of the Chinese presence in the various different regions. It highlights its impact on the relationship between the EU and the developing world regions and shows how the rise of China affects the relations between these regions and Europe.
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Chapter 17: China in Latin America: cooperation and hegemony?

Sophie Wintgens


The preeminence of the realist theory has long dominated the study of power in international relations, but is nowadays often questioned. The analysis of an emerging power is, as such, a tremendous learning opportunity in this context. In order to go beyond the classical antagonism between the institutional and realist perspectives, this chapter deals with power in an alternative way. By using a heterodox approach to hegemony, it allows understanding of the phenomenon of insidious domination (Cox, 1983; Wintgens and Mariage, 2011/12: 3–20). Indeed, the increase of China’s worldwide influence does not only depend on the availability of its tangible and intangible resources, nor on its ability to mobilize them adequately. China also values its brand, both the image it tends to project on the world stage and its external recognition, that is, how other actors in the international system perceive it. In other words, China’s rising power is also measured through its capacity to ‘assert itself as a reference’ for its emerging peers, or even for Western powers (Santander, 2009a: 24).

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