Environmental Enforcement Networks
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Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.
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Chapter 4: The role of networks in ensuring compliance and strengthening coordination: a comparative analysis on INECE, ECENA, RENA and REC Turkey

Zerrin Savaşan


The compliance issue has turned out to be one of the major concerns for global environmental governance (GEG) in both international environmental law (IEL) and international environmental politics (IEP) in recent decades. To illustrate, the need to strengthen compliance has been precisely stressed in Agenda 21 (chapter 8, para. 21; chapter 39, para. 9) as a response to effective governance of environmental problems. Agenda 21 is currently a soft-law document, it has no binding effect in international law. However, when the efforts to create an all-encompassing UN Treaty – the Draft International Covenant on Environment and Development which contains provisions for reporting, compliance mechanisms and dispute-settlement mechanisms (Articles 67, 68, 69) – are taken into account, its soft-law recommendations become more important. This is particularly because this draft Covenant aims not only to consolidate existing legal principles related to the environment and development, but also to convert Agenda 21’s soft-law recommendations into legally binding hard international law.

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