The European Union and Global Engagement
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The European Union and Global Engagement

Institutions, Policies and Challenges

Edited by Normann Witzleb, Alfonso Martínez Arranz and Pascaline Winand Winand

Written by a broad range of international experts, The European Union and Global Engagement examines the current state of the European Union and its relationship with the world. The book presents fresh perspectives on the interplay between EU internal developments and its global engagement. While considering the impact and presence of the EU around the world, the collection has a particular focus on the Asia-Pacific region. This interdisciplinary book is an essential and accessible resource for students and scholars of European studies, as well as for public servants, business practitioners, researchers and journalists. It will appeal to everyone who seeks to understand the fast-moving policy developments in the EU’s actions on the world stage.
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Chapter 2: The institutional structure of the European Union after the Lisbon Treaty

Nicolas Levrat


Even though it was drafted as a second-best choice after the failed Constitutional Treaty of 2004, the Lisbon Treaty represents a substantial achievement. Now the European Union (EU) is facing a new type of challenge, which will probably lead to further treaty modifications. The pace of the evolution of European integration, which so far largely depended on the political will of Member States (especially France and Germany) is now constrained by external factors, such as the global financial crisis of 2008 and, in its wake, the ‘sovereign debt’ crises in the Eurozone. This chapter argues that, contrary to the discourse of European leaders and the provisions in the Lisbon Treaty on the democratization of the EU decision process, these external pressures will lead back to the technocratic ‘Jean Monnet’ method of small steps, creating de facto solidarity between Europeans, instead of asking European citizens to make a (democratic) choice for Europe.

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