Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law
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Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law

Edited by Christina Voigt

The REDD+ initiative for Reducing Emissions of greenhouse gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation is an important tool, established under the UNFCCC, for incentivizing developing countries to adopt and scale up climate mitigation actions in the forest sector and for capturing and channeling the financial resources to do so. With contributions from legal experts, international relations scholars, climate change negotiators and activists, this Handbook eloquently examines the emerging governance arrangements for REDD+, analysing how and to what extent it is embedded in the international legal framework.
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Chapter 4: REDD+ and interacting legal regimes

Margaret A. Young


International efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation are being developed under the auspices of the UNFCCC and other bodies. REDD+ schemes have emerged in response to the recognition that a large proportion of GHG emissions originate from forest-related activities. REDD+ is based on the provision of incentives to encourage developing countries to avoid deforestation and forest degradation, sustainably manage forests, and conserve and enhance their forest carbon stocks.3 Interventions occur in the context of existing and fragmented norms and institutions relating to forests. These include international legal regimes for the protection of biological diversity, forest management and timber trade regimes, food security initiatives and indigenous peoples’ rights. This chapter situates the development of REDD+ within the fragmentation of international law and discourses surrounding pluralism and the interaction of legal regimes.4 It makes three points. First, REDD+ is itself emerging as an international regime, characterized by newly instituted and diffuse agencies (created from established bodies such as the FAO, the UNEP, the UNDP and the World Bank) and a broad range of state and non-state participants.

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