Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law
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Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law

Edited by Christina Voigt

The REDD+ initiative for Reducing Emissions of greenhouse gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation is an important tool, established under the UNFCCC, for incentivizing developing countries to adopt and scale up climate mitigation actions in the forest sector and for capturing and channeling the financial resources to do so. With contributions from legal experts, international relations scholars, climate change negotiators and activists, this Handbook eloquently examines the emerging governance arrangements for REDD+, analysing how and to what extent it is embedded in the international legal framework.
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Chapter 7: The Convention on Biological Diversity and REDD+

Andrew Long


The CBD interfaces with REDD+ because the development of REDD+ holds significant potential to impact biodiversity and ecosystem services in forested developing countries, and because securing long-term carbon emissions reductions in tropical forests will require improvements in forest management that may correspond with biodiversity preservation. Thus, the development of REDD+ is important to the CBD regime and, given its experience and expertise, that regime can play a significant role in making REDD+ effective and sustainable. The CBD is particularly relevant to the emergence of REDD+ as a multiple benefit program, both in terms of making the case that REDD+ should be conceived of as a multiple benefit program and in operationalizing such a program. Accordingly, much of this chapter discusses REDD+ from a perspective that emphasizes non-carbon considerations, primarily biodiversity and social issues. Nonetheless, because carbon storage is the initial (and likely still the primary) motivation for REDD+, the chapter devotes some attention to explaining why REDD+ should be viewed in terms of multiple benefits and CBD’s role in advancing this vision and operationalizing it.

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