Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law
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Research Handbook on REDD-Plus and International Law

Edited by Christina Voigt

The REDD+ initiative for Reducing Emissions of greenhouse gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation is an important tool, established under the UNFCCC, for incentivizing developing countries to adopt and scale up climate mitigation actions in the forest sector and for capturing and channeling the financial resources to do so. With contributions from legal experts, international relations scholars, climate change negotiators and activists, this Handbook eloquently examines the emerging governance arrangements for REDD+, analysing how and to what extent it is embedded in the international legal framework.
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Chapter 8: Addressing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation through international law

Charlotte Streck and Michaela Schwedeler


The reduction of deforestation depends on national commitment and effective policies in tropical countries that address drivers of deforestation. Forest conversion and exploitation are driven by global demand for commodities from forest regions, local and subsistence agriculture, fuel wood extraction and infrastructure development. In addition to these direct drivers, deforestation is also linked to indirect drivers. These indirect forces include international and national processes that influence human activities, such as changes in economic growth, population growth, commodity prices, diet shifts or technological change. Accountability for reducing the impacts of economic production and trade of products generated on tropical forest lands is shared by all actors across the supply chains, from farmers to processors, traders, retailers and consumers. In addition, the legislators and policy makers are called upon to provide a policy environment that is conducive to forest conservation and sustainable land use. To address deforestation drivers, measures will need to be taken at the local, national or international level depending on where the driving factors operate.

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