Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law
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Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law

  • Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law series

Edited by Sabino Cassese

This Handbook explores the main themes and topics of the emerging field of Global Administrative Law with contributions by leading scholars and experts from universities and organizations around the world. The variety of the subjects addressed and the internationality of the Handbook’s perspectives make for a truly global and multi-dimensional view of the field.
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Chapter 17: Europe and global law

Giulio Vesperini

Extract

The second half of the 1900s witnessed a relentless growth of international public powers and regional public organizations. The list of these powers and organizations is long and includes among others, the Arab League (founded in 1945); the Organization of American States (OAS – 1948); the European Economic Community, which eventually evolved into the European Union (EU – 1957); the Andean Community (1960); the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN – 1967); the Caribbean Community (CARICOM – 1973); the Organization of African Unity, the African Union (1963); the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC – 1985); the Arab Maghreb Union (1989); Mercosur (1991); and NAFTA (1994). Although all of these entities originated as economic organizations, they developed along different paths: some have rather basic structures, while others have very complex structures with several branches. In his volume on globalization and the State, Jean-Bernard Auby discusses the problem of the relationship between the development of these organizations (he discusses ‘intégrations régionales’) and ‘le mouvement de globalisation’ and comes to the conclusion that, when it comes to globalization, the processes of regional integration send a mixed message: on the one hand, ‘they are necessary to convey the various openings required and demanded by globalization’; on the other, ‘they are needed to build safety zones for some markets and certain legal, economic and cultural particularisms’. Other authors with a similar perspective have expanded upon this view of the links between regionalization and globalization.

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