Edited by John B. Davis and Wilfred Dolfsma
Chapter 14: Income distribution and inequality
The produce of the earth – all that is derived from its surface by the united application of labour, machinery, and capital, is divided among three classes of the community; namely, the proprietor of the land, the owner of the stock or capital necessary for its cultivation, and the labourers by whose industry it is cultivated. . . . To determine the laws which regulate this distribution, is the principal problem in Political Economy. (David Ricardo, On The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. London: John Murray, 1817 (3rd edn 1821)). The central place that Ricardo accorded the subject of income distribution in nineteenth century political economy is appropriate also in twenty-first-century socio-economics. Although the field was relatively neglected by economists for several decades, in the last 15 years there has been a resurgence of interest driven partly by developments in economic theory and partly by major developments in the interpersonal income distributions within many developed countries (Atkinson, 1997).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.