Science, Policy and Practice
Chapter 3: Roles for civil engineering, law and institutions in urban water management
ExtractThis chapter considers the “water anatomy” of cities. We discuss how, like living creatures with circulatory systems, every city has developed its own unique “plumbing” system with water supply and wastewater treatment infrastructure and elaborate systems of law and regulatory institutions to govern and manage these systems. We examine both anatomy and physiology by focusing on some urban examples that typify the range of both conventional and novel approaches to urban water management in our time. Our objective is to trace various ways in which cities seek to attain water resiliency. The principal lessons drawn come directly from our PIRE project and our investigations into measures adopted by Melbourne, Australia. However, we also examine two “megacities’ that have faced considerable challenges in managing their anatomy and physiology: Mexico City and Tokyo. We also consider how well they’ve achieved resilience – a top-down approach to management, versus adaptiveness, which emanates from the bottom up.
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