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The Common Law Employment Relationship

A Comparative Study

Gordon Anderson, Douglas Brodie and Joellen Riley

The contract of employment provides in many jurisdictions the legal foundation for the employment of workers. This book examines how the development of the common law under the influence of contemporary social and economic pressures has caused this contract to evolve.
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Table of cases

A Comparative Study

Gordon Anderson, Douglas Brodie and Joellen Riley

2176693 v Cora Franchise (2015) ONSC 1265 138

A & M Thompson Pty Ltd v Total Australia Ltd [1980] 2 NSWLR 1 107

ACCC v CG Berbatis 214 CLR 51 99

ACE Insurance Ltd v Trifunovski [2013] FCAFC 3 59

Adams v Wellington Free Ambulance Service Inc ERA WA81B/10, 23 July 2010 157

Addis v Gramophone [1909] AC 488 20, 120, 194, 220, 226, 233, 246

AFFCO (NZ) Ltd v New Zealand Meatworkers Union [2016] NZCA 482 29, 39

AG Securities v Vaughan [1990] 1 AC 417 53

Air New Zealand v Kerr [2013] NZEmpC 153 175, 179

Air New Zealand v Raddock [1999] 2 NZLR 641 127, 220

Airfix Footwear v Cope [1978] ICR 1210 55

Alexander v Standard Telephones (No 2) [1991] IRLR 286 76–8, 90–91

Alexander v Standard Telephones [1990] IRLR 55 81, 91

Allen v TRW [2013] ICR D3 51

Alliance Freezing Co (Southland) Ltd v New Zealand Engineering Union [1989] 3 NZILR 785 (CA) 106

Alliance Paper Group plc v Prestwich [1996] IRLR 25 168, 182

Amalgamated Collieries of WA v True (1938) 59 CLR 417 74

Anderson v Pringle of Scotland [1998] IRLR 64 134

Anderson v Sullivan (1997) 78 FCR 380 156

Andrew M Paterson Ltd, Re [1981] 2 NZLR 289 (HC) 72

Andrews v Parceline Express Ltd [1994] 2 ERNZ 385 (CA) 194

Antony Dekort v Johns River Tavern Pty Ltd [2010] FWA 3389 158

Aoraki Corporation Ltd v McGavin [1998] 3 NZLR 276 125

Aoraki v McGavin [1998] 3 NZLR 276 122

Appellant v Respondent (1999) 89 IR 407 153

Applicant v Respondent [2010] FWA 1062 158

Aramis, The [1989] 1 Lloyd’s Law Rep 213 48–50

Aslam v Uber BV [2017] IRLR 4 26, 54

Associated Provincial Picture Houses v Wednesbury [1948] 1 KB 223 101, 104

Atkinson v Phoenix Commercial Cleaners Ltd [2015] NZEmpC 19 28, 54

Attorney-General v New Zealand Post-Primary Teachers’ Assoc [1992] 2 NZLR 209 (CA) 131

Attrill v Dresdner Kleinworth [2013] EWCA Civ 394 101

Auckland City Council v New Zealand Public Service Assoc [2003] 2 ERNZ 386 122

Auckland Clerical etc Employees IUW v Wilson [1980] ACJ 357 (EmpC) 64

Auckland Electric Power Board v Auckland Provincial District Local Authorities Officers IUOW [1994] 2 NZLR 415 121–2, 209

Auckland Shop Employees Union v Woolworths [1985] 2 NZLR 372 119, 121, 124, 209, 249

Aussie Home Loans v X Inc Services [2005] NSWSC 285 168, 183

Australasian Meat Industry Employees’ Union v G & K O’Connor Pty Ltd [2000] FCA 627 120

Australian Mutual Provident Society v Chaplin (1978) 18 ALR 385 27, 52

Australian Tramways Employees’ Association v Brisbane Tramways Co Ltd (1912) 6 CAR 35 145

Australian Workers’ Union v BHP Iron-Ore Pty Ltd [2000] FCA 39 75–6

Australian Workers’ Union v BHP Iron-Ore Pty Ltd [2000] FCA 430 75

Autoclenz Ltd v Belcher [2009] EWCA Civ 1046 51

Autoclenz Ltd v Belcher [2011] UKSC 41 28, 35, 37–8, 53–4, 97, 126

Automatic Fire Sprinklers v Watson (1946) 72 CLR 435 69, 236

Baltic Shipping Co v Dillon (1993) 176 CLR 344 (HCA) 194

Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA v Ali (No 1) [1999] ICR 1068 115–16, 234

Barnes v Whangarei Returned Services Assoc (Inc) [1997] ERNZ 626 (EmpC) 39

Barrett v Ecco Personnel Pty Ltd [1998] NSWCA 30 181

Bartlett v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group [2016] NSWCA 30 101–2

Bass Taverns v Burgess [1995] IRLR 596 164

Bau v State of Victoria [2009] VSCA 107 86–7

Bayley v DBR Australia [2013] FCA 1341 118

Bazley v Curry 1999 174 DLR (4th) 45 46

BBC v Hearn [1978] 1 All ER 111 106

Bearingpoint Australia Pty Ltd v Hillard [2008] VSC 115 174

Bell Canada v Unifor [2014] OHSTC 19 138

Bell v Lever [1932] AC 161 114

Ben Nevis Forestry Ventures Ltd v Commissioner of Inland Revenue [2009] 2 NZLR 289 53

Bhasin v Hrynew [2014] SCC 17 8, 138–9, 141, 245

BHP Iron Ore Pty Ltd v Construction, Mining Energy, Timberyards, Sawmills and Woodworkers Union of Australia, Western Australia Branch (1998) 82 IR 162 144

Biffa Waste Services Ltd v Maschinenfabrik Ernst Hese GmbH [2008] EWCA Civ 1257, [2009] QB 725 46

BL (UK) Ltd v MacQuilken [1978] IRLR 245 88

Blackadder v Ramsey Butchering (2002) 113 IR 461 157

Blackadder v Ramsey Butchering [2005] HCA 22 6, 157, 226, 240–41, 244

Blackmore v Honick Properties Ltd [2011] NZEmpC 152, (2011) 9 NZELR 306 106

Bliss v South East Thames Regional Health Authority [1985] IRLR 308 156

Blyth Chemicals v Bushnell (1933) 49 CLR 66 112, 119–20

Bobux Marketing v Raynor Marketing [2002] 1 NZLR 506 136

Borrer v Cardinal Security [2013] UKEAT 0416 51

Bostik (Australia) Pty Ltd v Gorgevski (No 1) [1992] FCA 209 227

Bournemouth University v Buckland [2011] QB 323 224

Braganza v BP Shipping [2015] ICR 449 8, 101, 103–4, 136, 244

Brambles Holdings Ltd v Bathurst City Council [2001] NSWCA 61 52

Brighouse Ltd v Bilderbeck [1995] 1 NZLR 158 125

Briscoe v Lubrizol [2002] IRLR 607 79–80, 84, 108–9

British Guiana Credit v Da Silva [1965] 1 WLR 248 227

Bryson v Three Foot Six Ltd [2003] NZEmpC 164 60

Bryson v Three Foot Six Ltd [2005] NZSC 34, [2005] 3 NZLR 721 28, 34–6, 51–2, 60, 63

Building Workers Industrial Union of Australia v Odco Pty Ltd (1991) 99 ALR 735 27, 29, 57

Bulldogs Rugby League Club Ltd v Williams [2008] NSWSC 822 (8 August 2008) 178, 185–6

Burazin v Blacktown City Guardian [1996] IRCA 629 120, 231–2

Burgess v Mount Thorley [2003] NSWIRComm 432 109

Burroughs Machines Ltd v Timmoney [1977] IRLR 404 89–90

Business Distributors Ltd v Patel [2001] 1 ERNZ 124 (CA) 207, 209

Butcher v OCS Ltd [2008] ERNZ 367 96

Byrne and Frew v Australian Airlines (1995) 185 CLR 410 69, 74, 76–7, 93, 131, 201

Byrne and Frew v Australian Airlines [1994] FCA 888 93–4

Byrne Brothers v Baird [2002] ICR 667 58

Cable and Wireless plc v Muscat [2006] ICR 975 48

Cactus Imaging Pty Ltd v Peters [2006] NSWSC 717 168, 181, 183

Cain v Turners and Growers Fresh Ltd [1998] 3 ERNZ 314 (EmpC) 177

Campbell v Frisbee [2002] EWCA Civ 1374 173

Canada Post Corporation v Carroll [2012] NBCA 18 59, 67–8

Canadian Aero Service v O’Malley [1973] 40 DLR (3d) 371 117

Canterbury Hotel etc IUW v The Elms Motor Lodge Ltd [1989] NZILR 958 64

Cantor Fitzgerald International v Bird [2002] IRLR 867 190

Carmichael v National Power plc [1999] 1 WLR 2042 51

Cashman v Central Regional Health Authority [1997] 1 NZLR 7 (CA) 29, 65

Catholic Child Welfare Society, The v Various Claimants [2012] UKSC 56, [2013] 2 AC 1 46, 61,247

CE Elley v Wairoa-Harrison [1987] NZHC 6 118

CEF Holdings v Mundey [2012] IRLR 912 183

Chappell v Griffin Coal Mining Company Pty Ltd [2016] FCA 1248 161

Chief of Defence Force v Ross-Taylor [2010] NZEmpC 22 29

City of Pointe-Claire v Quebec [1997] 1 SCR 1015 44–5

Clark v BET [1997] IRLR 348 229

Clark v Nomura International [2000] IRLR 766 104

Coco v AN Clark (Engineers) Ltd [1969] RPC 41 173

Codelfa Construction Pty Ltd v State Rail Authority of New South Wales [1982] HCA 24 132

Commercial Bank of Australia v Amadio (1983) 151 CLR 447 99

Commerzbank v Keen [2007] ICR 623 103–4

Commonwealth Bank of Australia v Barker (2014) 253 CLR 169, [2014] HCA 32 48, 74, 95–6, 100, 121, 127–8, 136–7, 143–4, 154, 170, 223, 231, 244–5

Commonwealth v Amann Aviation Pty Ltd (1991) 174 CLR 64 230

Concut Pty Ltd v Worrell [2000] HCA 64 119

Consistent Group Ltd v Kalwak [2007] IRLR 560 (EAT) 28

Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union v BHP Coal Pty Ltd [2014] HCA 41, 253 CLR 243 162, 210

Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union v Endeavour Coal Pty Ltd [2015] FCAFC 76 210

Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union v Glencore Mt Owen Pty Ltd [2015] FWC 7752 156

Coordinated Industries Pty Ltd v Elliott (1998) 43 NSWLR 238 167

Cori Ponce v DJT Staff Management Services (t/as Daly’s Traffic) [2010] FWA 2078 207

Cornwall County Council v Prater [2006] EWCA Civ 102 55–6

Costello v Allstaff Industrial Personnel (SA) Pty Ltd and Bridgestone TG Australian Pty Ltd [2004] SAIRComm 13 47

Country Metropolitan Agency Contracting Services Pty Ltd v Slater (2003) 124 IR 29 52

Coutts Cars v Baguley [2002] 2 NZLR 533 122, 128

Cox v Ministry of Justice [2016] UKSC 10 61–2

Crawford v Suffolk Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust [2012] EWCA Civ 138 249

Credit Suisse v Armstrong [1996] ICR 882 174

Crossley v Faithful and Gould Holdings Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 293 131

Crowson Fabrics v Rider [2007] EWHC 2942 (Ch) 118

Curlew v Harvey Norman Stores (NZ) Pty Ltd [2002] 1 ERNZ 114 (EmpC) 27, 29, 66

Curro v Beyond Productions Pty Ltd (1993) 30 NSWLR 337 185

Curtis v The Perth and Freemantle Bottle Exchange Co (1914) 18 CLR 17 52

Dacas v Brook Street Bureau (UK) Ltd [2004] IRLR 358 48–9, 60

Damevski v Giudice (2003) 133 FCR 438 50

Darling Island Stevedoring and Lighthouse Ltd; Ex parte Halliday and Sullivan (1938) 60 CLR 601 147

Data & Scientific v Oracle (2015) ONSC 4178 139–40

Davies v General Transport Development Pty Ltd [1967] AR (NSW) 371, 373–4 107

Dawes v Presbyterian Care Tasmania [2014] FWC 4067 208

Dawnay, Day & Co Ltd v De Braconier D’Alphen [1998] ICR 1068 168, 182, 183

Day v Ocean Beach Hotel [2013] NSWCA 250 47

Deeson Heavy Haulage v Cox [2009] QSC 277 116

Del Casale v Artedomus [2007] NSWCA 172 178

Delaney v Staples [1992] 1 All ER 944 174

Dickinson v Chief Executive, Ministry of Social Development ERA AA508/10, 13 December 2010 157

Digital Pulse Pty Ltd v Harris [2002] NSWSC 33 113

Downer EDI Ltd v Gillies [2011] NSWSC 1055 135–6

Dunnachie v Kingston-upon-Hull City Council [2004] ICR 1052 217–18

Dye v Commonwealth Securities [2010] FCA 720 160

Dye v Commonwealth Securities [2012] FCA 242 78, 80

Eastwood v Magnox Electric plc [2004] UKHL 35, [2005] 1 AC 503 222

Ecco Personnel Pty Ltd v Barrett [1996] NSWSC 475 181

Ecolab Pty Ltd v Klen International Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 1376 181

Ecolab Pty Ltd v Stephen Garland [2011] NSWSC 1095 188

Edwards v Chesterfield Royal Hospital NHS Foundation Trust [2011] UKSC 58 70, 90, 94, 128, 150, 222, 229, 234, 241

Electrical Union 2001 Inc v Mighty River Power Ltd [2013] NZEmpC 19 155

Elgammal v BlackRange Wealth Management Pty Ltd [2011] FWAFB 4038 208

Eminence Property Developments Ltd v Heaney [2010] EWCA 420 208

Empress Abalone Ltd v Langdon [2000] 2 ERNZ 53 (CA) 172

Empress Abalone Ltd v Langdon [2000] 2 ERNZ 147 (EmpC) 171–2

Empress Abalone Ltd v Langdon [2000] 2 ERNZ 441 (EmpC) 172

Endeavour Energy v Communications Electrical, Electronic, Energy, Information, Postal, Plumbing and Allied Services Union of Australia [2012] FWAFB 4998 144–5, 155

Evans v Avalon Ford Sales (1996) Ltd 2015 NLTD(G) 100 138

Evans v Paradigm Capital (2016) ONSC 4286 140

Evening Standard v Henderson [1987] ICR 588 239

Everist v McEvedy [1996] 3 NZLR 348 (HC) 131

Express and Echo Publications Ltd v Tanton [1999] IRLR 367 (CA) 28

Faccenda Chicken Ltd v Fowler [1987] Ch 117 173, 178, 188

Fair Work Ombudsman v Eastern Colour Pty Ltd (2011) 209 IR 263 47, 49–50

Fair Work Ombudsman v Maritime Union of Australia (No 2) [2015] FCA 814 163

Fair Work Ombudsman v Maritime Union of Australia [2014] FCA 440, (2014) 243 IR 312 162

Fair Work Ombudsman v Quest South Perth Holdings Pty Ltd [2015] FCAFC 37 67

Farley v Skinner [2002] AC 732 233

FC Gardner v Beresford [1978] IRLR 63 100

Firthglow Ltd (t/a Protectacoat) v Szilagyi [2009] EWCA Civ 98 28

Flanagan v Thales Australia Ltd T/as Thales Australia [2012] FWA 6291 160

Foggo v O’Sullivan Partners (Advisory) Pty Ltd [2011] NSWSC 501 80, 88

Forstaff Pty Ltd v Chief Commissioner of State Revenue [2004] NSWSC 573 56–7

Franix Construction Ltd v Tozer [2014] NZEmpC 159 40

FSS Travel & Leisure Systems Ltd v Johnson [1997] EWCA Civ 2759 182

Gallagher Group Ltd v Walley [1999] 1 ERNZ 490 (CA) 176, 177

Game Retail v Laws [2014] EAT/0188/14 158–9

Game v Northland Co-operative Dairy Co Ltd EmpC AC 28/01, 14 March 2000 164

Gary McDermott v BHP Coal Pty Ltd [2016] FWC 6935 163

General Billposting Co v Atkinson [1909] AC 118 188–9

George v Ministry of Justice [2013] EWCA Civ 324 82–3

Gill v Cape Contracts Ltd [1985] IRLR 499 64

GN Hale & Son Ltd v Wellington Caretakers etc IUOW [1991] 1 NZLR 151 216

Gogay v Hertfordshire County Council [2000] IRLR 703 124, 224

Goldman Sachs v Nikolich [2007] FCAFC 120 84–6

Gothard v Davey [2010] FCA 1163 52

Grace Team Accounting Ltd v Brake [2014] NZCA 541 96, 216

Gramotnev v Queensland University of Technology [2015] QCA 127 75, 87

Greenway v Johnson Matthey plc [2014] EWHC 3957 (QB) 246

Greenway v Johnson Matthey plc [2016] IRLR 526 246

Gregory v Philip Morris Ltd (1988) 80 ALR 455 231

Grey Advertising (New Zealand) Ltd v Marinkovich [1999] 2 ERNZ 844, 857 177

Gunton v Richmond-upon-Thames London Borough Council [1980] ICR 755 227, 229

Gustav v Macfield [2007] NZCA 205 99

H & R Block Ltd v Sanott [1976] 1 NZLR 213 168

Halford v United Kingdom [1997] IRLR 471 161

Hall v Lorimer [1994] IRLR 171 62

Hallwright v Forsyth Barr [2013] NZEmpC 202 152

Hally Labels Ltd v Powell [2011] NZEmpC 63, [2011] ERNZ 233 177

Hanover Insurance v Shapiro [1994] IRLR 82 182–3, 191

Hartleys Ltd v Martin [2002] VSC 301 180, 183

Hatton v Sutherland [2002] EWCA Civ 76, [2002] 2 All ER 1 232

Hawkes & Son (London) Ltd v Paramount Films Service Ltd [1934] 1Ch 593 171

Hawley v Luminar Leisure Ltd [2006] EWCA Civ 18 46, 60

Hayllar v The Goodtime Food Co Ltd [2012] NZEmpC 153 155

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard [2006] EWCA Civ 1735 173

Hem, Re Coulco Trading Pty Ltd v Cant [2007] FCA 81 124–5

Heptonstall v Gaskin (No 2) [2005] NSWSC 30 232–3

Herbert Morris Ltd v Saxelby [1916] 1 AC 68 177

Heyman v Darwins Ltd [1942] AC 356 189

Highland & Universal Properties v Safeway Properties (No 2) 2000 SC 297 236–7

Hivac Ltd v Park Royal Scientific Instruments Ltd [1946] 1 All ER 350 112

Hodgson v Barnes [2012] VSC 94 115

Hollis v Vabu Pty Ltd [2001] HCA 44 29–31, 33–6, 41

Homecare Direct Shopping v Gray [2008] VSCA 111 49

Hook v Stream Group (NZ) Pty Ltd [2013] NZEmpC 188, 157–8

Hooper v Coca-Cola Amatil (New Zealand) Ltd [2012] NZ EmpC 11 155

Horkulak v Cantor Fitzgerald [2003] IRLR 756 194, 242

Horkulak v Cantor Fitzgerald [2004] IRLR 942 100

Hospital Products Ltd v United States Surgical Corporation [1984] HCA 64 118

HRX Holdings Pty Ltd v Pearson [2012] FCA 161 168, 184–8

Humberstone v Northern Timber Mills (1949) 79 CLR 389 27

Hutton v Provenco Cadmus Ltd (in receivership) [2012] NZEmpC 207 47–8

Iceland Frozen Foods v Jones [1983] ICR 17 150, 214

IceTV v Duncan Ross and others [2007] NSWSC 635 181, 188

Imam-Sadeque v Bluebay Asset Management [2012] EWHC 3511 116

Informax International Pty Ltd v Clarius Group Ltd [2011] FCA 183 190

Investa Properties v Nankervis [2015] FCA 1004 118

Investors Compensation Scheme v West Bromwich [1998] 1 All ER 98 76

Irani v Southampton & South-West Hampshire HA [1985] ICR 590 238

JA & MB Bowden v Chief Commissioner [2001] NSWCA 125 56

Jacobi Tool & Die Manufacturing Inc and Jacobi v Mondi and others 2007 WL 3325854 (NY Supp), 3 187

James v Greenwich Council [2007] IRLR 168 43, 48

Janciuk v Winerite [1998] IRLR 63 229–30

Jardin v Metcash Ltd (2011) 285 ALR 677 174, 184

Jarratt v Commissioner of Police (2005) 224 CLR 44 124

Jarvis v Swan Tours [1973] 1 QB 233 233

Jensen v Attorney-General [2003] 2 ERNZ 36 (EmpC) 83, 96

JGE v English Province of Our Lady of Charity [2011] EWHC 2871 (QB), [2012] 1 All ER 723 248

JGE v English Province of our Lady of Charity [2012] EWCA Civ 938, [2013] QB 722 61

Jinkinson v Oceana Gold (NZ) Ltd (2009) ERNZ 225 39, 52, 57

JM Finn & Co Ltd v Holliday [2013] EWHC 3450 (QB) 174

John Fairfax Publications Pty Ltd v Birt [2006] NSWSC 995 177–9

Johnson v Gore Wood [2000] UKHL 65, [2002] 2 AC 1 226

Johnson v Unisys [2001] UKHL 13, [2003] 1 AC 518 48, 94, 119, 127, 129, 133, 220–23, 241–2, 249–51

Jones v Gwent County Council [1992] IRLR 521 238

Kaur v MG Rover Group [2004] IRLR 279 91–3

Kaur v MG Rover Group [2005] IRLR 40 81, 84

Kearney Australia Pty Ltd v Crepaldi [2006] NSWSC 23 168, 183

Keeley v Fosroc International [2006] IRLR 961 78, 81–2, 86, 89

King v University of St Andrews [2002] IRLR 252 129

KiwiKiwi v Maori Television Service (2007) 5 NZELR 6 26

Koehler v Cerebos (Aust) Ltd (2005) 222 CLR 44 232

Koia v Carlyon Holdings Ltd [2001] ERNZ 585, [25] (EmpC) 27

Kolodjashnij v J Boag and Son Brewing Pty Ltd (2010) 195 IR 279 150

Koops Martin v Dean Reeves [2006] NSWSC 449 180

Kores Manufacturing Co Ltd v Kolok Manufacturing Co Ltd [1958] 2 All ER 65 181–3

Lavarack v Woods [1967] 1 QB 278 228

Leach v Office of Communication [2010] IRLR 844 150–51

Leach v Office of Communication [2012] EWCA Civ 959, [2012] ICR 1269 150–51

Lee Ting Sam v Chung Chi-Keung [1990] 2 AC 374 (PC), 382 32–3, 37

Lee v GEC [1993] IRLR 383 81

Lindner v Murdoch’s Garage (1950) 83 CLR 628 180

Linfox Australia Pty Ltd v Stutsel [2012] FWAFB 7097 158

Littlewoods Organisation Ltd v Harris [1977] 1 WLR 1472 179

Liverpool City Council v Irwin [1977] AC 239 131–3

Lukzsewski v Capones Pizzeria Kyneton [2009] AIRC 280 158

Lumley v Wagner (1852) 1 De GM & G 604 185–6

Ma v Expeditors International Pty Ltd [2014] NSWSC 859 194

McCormick v Riverwood International (Australia) Pty Ltd (1999) 167 ALR 689 96

McDonald v Ontrack Infrastructure [2010] NZEmpC 132 50

McDonald v Parnell Laboratories [2007] FCA 1903 233

McGowan v Scottish Water [2005] IRLR 167 161

McIntyre, Scott v Special Broadcasting Services Corporation t/a SBS Corporation [2015] FWC 6768 147

McManus v Scott-Charlton (1996) 140 ALR 625 150, 153–4

McMeechan v Secretary of State for Employment [1997] ICR 549 37–8, 56

Maggbury Pty Ltd v Hafele Australia Pty Ltd [2001] HCA 70 177–8

Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’s Trust [2006] UKHL 34. [2007] 1 AC 224 251

Malik v Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA [1998] AC 20 114, 133, 140, 194, 224, 234

Mallinson v Scottish Australian Investment Co Ltd (1920) 28 CLR 66 74

Malloch v Aberdeen Corporation [1971] SC (HL) 85, [1971] WLR 1578 192, 248–9

Malone v British Airways [2010] IRLR 431 83, 88–9

Malone v British Airways [2011] IRLR 32 88, 95

Manildra Laboratories v Campbell [2009] NSWSC 987 115

Maritime Union of Australia v DP World Brisbane Pty Ltd; DP World (Fremantle) Ltd; DP World Melbourne Ltd; DP World Sydney Ltd [2014] FWC 1523 144–5, 155

Maritime Union of Australia v Fair Work Ombudsman [2016] FCAFC 102 162

Market Investigations Ltd v Minister of Social Security [1969] 2 QB 173 32–3, 36

Marlborough Harbour Board v Goulden [1985] 2 NZLR 378 (CA) 119, 121

Marlborough Harbour Board v Goulden [1996] 1 NZLR 484 125

Marlov Pty Ltd v Murat Col [2009] NSWSC 501 168

Marshall v English Electric [1945] 1 All ER 642 (CA) 13

Massey v Crown Life Insurance Co [1978] 1 WLR 676 26–7, 29, 52–3

Matheson (executrix) v Transmissions and Diesels Ltd [2001] 1 ERNZ 1, 20 (EmpC) 209

Mathewson v RB Wilson Dental Laboratory [1989] IRLR 512 149

Metcash Ltd v Jardin (No 3) [2010] NSWSC 1096 177

Michael Wilson and Partners Ltd v Nicholls [2008] NSWSC 501 181

Miles v Genesys Wealth Advisers Ltd [2009] NSWCA 25 168, 180

Moama Bowling Club Ltd v Armstrong (No 1) (1995) 64 IR 238 76

Moray Vincent v Merrill Lynch [2000] NSWIRComm 160 108

Moreton Bay College v Teys [2008] QCA 422 149

Morris v Interchem Agencies [2003] NZCA 140 112–15

Motorola v Davidson [2001] IRLR 4 46

Mouat v Clark Boyce [1992] NZLR 559 234

Murphy v Westpac Banking Corporation [2014] FCA 1104 137

N v Attorney-General [2000] 1 ERNZ 717 (EmpC) 131

Narich Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Payroll Tax (NSW) (1983) 50 ALR 417 27

National Coal Board v National Union of Mineworkers [1986] IRLR 439 72

National Westminster v Morgan [1985] AC 686 99

Nee Nee v TLNZ Auckland Ltd [2006] 1 ERNZ 95 (EmpC) 216

New South Wales v Paige (2002) 115 IR 283 127, 135, 251

New Zealand Air Line Pilots’ Assoc Inc v Air New Zealand Ltd [2014] NZEmpC 168 73

New Zealand Amalgamated Engineering etc Union v Air New Zealand [2004] 1 ERNZ 614 90, 155

New Zealand Amalgamated Engineering etc Union v Christchurch Press [2005] ERNZ 288 (EmpC) 79

New Zealand Resident Doctors Assoc v Otago Area Health Board [1991] 1 ERNZ 1206 (EmpC) 64

Nguyen v Vietnamese Community in Australia [2014] FWCFB 7198 134

Nikolich v Goldman Sachs [2006] FCA 784, (2007) 163 FCR 62 96, 233

Nisha v LSG [2015] NZEmpC 171 51, 54

Nordenfelt v Maxim Nordenfelt Guns and Ammunition Co [1894] AC 535 168

Nottingham University v Fishel [2000] IRLR 471 117

Oceanic Crest Shipping Company v Pilbara Harbour Services Pty Ltd (1986) 160 CLR 626 47

Office Angels Ltd v Rainer-Thomas [1991] IRLR 214 168, 182

Ogilvy and Mather v Turner [1993] 2 ERNZ799 (CA) 194

O’Keefe v William Muir Pty Ltd t/as the Good Guys [2011] FWA 5311 158

O’Kelly v Trusthouse Forte plc [1984] QB 90 (CA) 28, 38–9, 55

Olsen v Carter Holt Harvey IT Ltd (2008) 6 NZELR 318 (EmpC) 106

On Call Interpreters and Translators Agency Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation No 3 [2011] FCA 366 33, 35–7, 62, 64

Ontario Ltd v Sagaz Industries Canada [2001] 2 SCR 983 44, 60

Orakei Group v Doherty [2008] NZEmpC 65 47

Otis Elevator Co Pty Ltd v Nolan [2007] NSWSC 593 187

Pannu v Prestige Cab (1986) 28 DLR (4th) 268 45

Paper Reclaim Ltd v Aotearoa International Ltd [2007] 3 NZLR 169 236

Paras v Public Service Body [2006] FCA 622 238

Patural v DB Services [2016] IRLR 286 102

Pay v Lancashire Probation Service [2004] ICR 187 149

Payne v Foxboro [1998] NSWIRComm 360 108

Pearson v HRX Holdings Pty Ltd [2012] FCAFC 111 184, 186, 188

Perkins v Grace Worldwide (Aust) Pty Ltd (1997) 72 IR 186 134

Peters (WA) Ltd v Petersville Ltd (2001) 205 CLR 126 174

Pethybridge v Stedikas Holding Pty Ltd [2007] NSWCA 154 52

Post Office v Foley [2000] ICR 1283 214

Potter v New Brunswick [2015] 1 SCR 500 123

Powell v Brent London Borough Council [1988] ICR 176 237, 239

Prince Alfred College v ADC [2016] HCA 37 154, 248

Principal of Auckland College of Education v Hogg [1997] 2 NZLR 537, 552 122

Printers and Finishers Ltd v Holloway and others [1964] 3 All ER 731 175

Public Service Assn and Professional Officers Assn Amalgamated Union of NSW v Department of Justice [2010] NSWIRComm 148 39

Queensland Stations Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1945) 70 CLR 539 27

Quinn v Overland [2010] FCA 799 226, 237, 239

R v Coldham ex p. Social Welfare Union (1983) 153 CLR 297 14

Raftland Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Taxation of the Commonwealth of Australia [2008] HCA 21 53

Ramsey v Annesley College [2013] SASC 72 230–31

Raymond Briggs v AWH Pty Ltd [2013] FWCFB 3316 144–5, 156

RBG Resources v Rastogi [2002] EWHC 2782 (Ch) 114

Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions and National Insurance [1968] 2 QB 497 27, 31, 55

Reda v Flag Ltd [2002] UKPC 38 243

Redrock Holdings v Hinkley [2001] VSC 91, (2001) 50 IPR 565 170

Reference Re Public Service Employee Relations Act (Alta) [1987] 1 SCR 313 123

Regulski v State of Victoria [2015] FCA 206 100

Reinhard v Ondra [2015] EWHC 26 102

Ridge v Baldwin [1964] AC 40 194

Rind v Australian Institute of Superannuation Trustees [2013] FWC 3144, (2013) 231 IR 143 208

Riverwood International Australia v McCormick [2000] FCA 889 80, 137

Robb v Green [1895] 2 QB 315 112

Robb v London Borough of Hammersmith [1991] ICR 514 238

Robinson v Crompton Parkinson [1978] IRLR 6 124

Rock Refrigeration Ltd v Jones [1997] 1 All ER 1, [1996] IRLR 675 (CA) 188–9

Rodd v Alberta Health Services [2015] ABQB 320 138, 245

Rodkiss v Carter Holt Harvey [2015] NZEmpC 34 249

Rogan-Gardiner v Woolworths (No 2) [2010] WASC 290 130

Romero v Farstad Shipping [2014] FCAFC 177 80, 87–8, 110, 245, 252

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