Emerging Markets and the Future of the BRIC Nations
Show Less

Emerging Markets and the Future of the BRIC Nations

Edited by Ben L. Kedia and Kelly Aceto

After a decade of unprecedented growth, the BRIC nations’ economies have unexpectedly slowed. In this innovative book, expert contributors diagnose and examine the factors that might be responsible for the economic regression in Brazil, Russia, India, and China.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 5: Gender balance and economic outcomes in Russia, India, and China

Prabir C. Bhattacharya


The human sex ratio, which is usually defined in terms of the number of males per 100 females, varies greatly between countries and regions. The biological norm is for the sex ratio at birth (SRB) to be about 105 more or less everywhere – meaning just over 51 percent of births are boys and just under 49 percent are girls. But with equal care and feeding, females die less quickly. It is therefore not surprising that the sex ratio of the population as a whole in the West and in many other regions leans in favor of women. In the UK this ratio is 99; in the USA, 97; and in the EU, 96. In sub-Saharan Africa, where life expectancy at birth is relatively low for both sexes, the ratio is 99. In Russia, Ukraine, and some former Eastern bloc countries, it is among the lowest in the world: 86 for both Russia and Ukraine.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.