Edited by Ben L. Kedia and Kelly Aceto
Chapter 5: Gender balance and economic outcomes in Russia, India, and China
The human sex ratio, which is usually defined in terms of the number of males per 100 females, varies greatly between countries and regions. The biological norm is for the sex ratio at birth (SRB) to be about 105 more or less everywhere – meaning just over 51 percent of births are boys and just under 49 percent are girls. But with equal care and feeding, females die less quickly. It is therefore not surprising that the sex ratio of the population as a whole in the West and in many other regions leans in favor of women. In the UK this ratio is 99; in the USA, 97; and in the EU, 96. In sub-Saharan Africa, where life expectancy at birth is relatively low for both sexes, the ratio is 99. In Russia, Ukraine, and some former Eastern bloc countries, it is among the lowest in the world: 86 for both Russia and Ukraine.
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