A Political Values Perspective
A political values perspective draws attention to the essentially political nature of the policy process. This implies that the policy process is democratically responsive. The key connection between the values and policy preferences of the citizenry and the policy process lies with the political parties, their ideological packages, and the values preferences embedded therein. There has been much debate in the political science and political psychology literature about the extent to which the average voter holds meaningful ideological positions and therefore is sufficiently informed to make political choices and express policy preferences. Political parties provide cognitive shortcuts to voters by presenting ideological positions that lead voters to make partisan choices broadly in line with their own values. As new values issues arise in the community, often promoted by social movements and new political parties, the established parties adapt their position to encompass these new values issues.
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