Competition, Coordination and Diversity
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Competition, Coordination and Diversity

From the Firm to Economic Integration

Pascal Salin

Competition, or the freedom to enter into a market, contributes greatly to the differentiation of human activities and therefore to economic progress. This fascinating book highlights the similarities between human systems at both the micro and macro level, and demonstrates how competition can positively affect the economic workings of firms and countries.
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Chapter 8: The case against “tax harmonization”

Pascal Salin


There is an apparent contradiction in the present world between, on the one hand, the fact that human activities are more and more globalized, whereas, on the other hand, tax systems remain strictly national (or local). For many people such a discrepancy is not acceptable and they argue in favor of more globalized tax systems, which, in their opinion, means either harmonization of taxes or even the creation of world taxes and, at least, some cooperation between national tax administrations. But such claims are based on a false interpretation of what globalization is. In fact, globalization can be defined as competition at the global level. Now, competition does not imply that activities become more and more similar all around the world, quite the contrary. As a “process of discovery,” competition causes producers to differentiate one from the other. Therefore, from this very general point of view, if ever, in a globalized world, one would consider that tax systems also have to be globalized, it would imply tax competition and tax differentiation and not tax harmonization or global taxation.

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