Competition, Coordination and Diversity
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Competition, Coordination and Diversity

From the Firm to Economic Integration

Pascal Salin

Competition, or the freedom to enter into a market, contributes greatly to the differentiation of human activities and therefore to economic progress. This fascinating book highlights the similarities between human systems at both the micro and macro level, and demonstrates how competition can positively affect the economic workings of firms and countries.
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Chapter 12: The monetary economics of the Austrian school and the Chicago school

Pascal Salin


Although we are convinced that “Austrian economics” offer the best approach to economic and social problems, we also believe that it is a fundamental task of economists in our time to try to evaluate to which extent there is some possible convergence between some parts of Austrian economics and other approaches, such as the Chicago school. Comparing extensively the Austrian school and the Chicago school as regards monetary theory would need several books and, obviously, there have already been a lot of articles and books concerning this topic. We have, therefore, to make choices and to focus on some specific aspects of the monetary theories of both schools. Just because they play a crucial role in the foundations of both approaches, we have chosen to focus first on the problem of neutrality and stability of money and, second, on the balance of payments. Moreover, we are mainly concerned with the works of Ludwig von Mises as regards the Austrian school and those of Milton Friedman and Robert Mundell as regards the Chicago school.

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