Edited by Richard Shearmu, Christophe Carrincazeaux and David Doloreux
Part V Innovation policy: introduction
Research in innovation policy is increasing in importance as new innovation-related initiatives are being undertaken in different regions across the world, new regional innovation policy tools are being created and new public policy agencies are being established. Some of these policy-making entities are national innovation agencies, others are local development agencies attempting to leverage local innovation into local development – often understood as employment creation. The collection of chapters in Part V of the Handbook focuses on innovation policy, pointing out the relationship between public (innovation) policy, the search for regional competitiveness and the diversity of roles played by governments in the development and support of innovation and entrepreneurial regions. The first contribution by Bradford and Bramwell (Chapter 17) analyses the core issue of innovation policy in a multi-level framework from an institutional perspective. Drawing on insights from the literature on economic geography and political science, this chapter provides a framework to analyse regional innovation policy based on the themes of governance, scale and agency, and it describes the regional innovation programmes underway in the European Union, United States and Canada. The sets of policy development models and policy frameworks adopted by governments of these countries to support clusters and regional innovation systems are discussed, providing insights that inform theoretical debate as well as policy development.
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