Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation
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Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation

Edited by Richard Shearmu, Christophe Carrincazeaux and David Doloreux

The geography of innovation is changing. First, it is increasingly understood that innovative firms and organizations exhibit a wide variety of strategies, each being differently attuned to diverse geographic contexts. Second, and concomitantly, the idea that cities, clusters and physical proximity are essential for innovation is evolving under the weight of new theorizing and empirical evidence. In this Handbook we gather 28 chapters by scholars with widely differing views on what constitutes the geography of innovation. The aim of the Handbook is to break with the many ideas and concepts that emerged during the course of the 1980s and 1990s, and to fully take into account the new reality of the internet, mobile communication technologies, personal mobility and globalization. This does not entail the rejection of well-established and supported ideas, but instead allows for a series of new ideas and authors to enter the arena and provoke debate.
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Part V Innovation policy: introduction


Research in innovation policy is increasing in importance as new innovation-related initiatives are being undertaken in different regions across the world, new regional innovation policy tools are being created and new public policy agencies are being established. Some of these policy-making entities are national innovation agencies, others are local development agencies attempting to leverage local innovation into local development – often understood as employment creation. The collection of chapters in Part V of the Handbook focuses on innovation policy, pointing out the relationship between public (innovation) policy, the search for regional competitiveness and the diversity of roles played by governments in the development and support of innovation and entrepreneurial regions. The first contribution by Bradford and Bramwell (Chapter 17) analyses the core issue of innovation policy in a multi-level framework from an institutional perspective. Drawing on insights from the literature on economic geography and political science, this chapter provides a framework to analyse regional innovation policy based on the themes of governance, scale and agency, and it describes the regional innovation programmes underway in the European Union, United States and Canada. The sets of policy development models and policy frameworks adopted by governments of these countries to support clusters and regional innovation systems are discussed, providing insights that inform theoretical debate as well as policy development.

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