Research Handbook on Employee Turnover
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Research Handbook on Employee Turnover

Edited by George Saridakis and Cary L. Cooper

Covering the period of the financial crisis, this Research Handbook discusses the degree of importance of different driving forces on employee turnover. The discussions contribute to policy agendas on productivity, firm performance and economic growth. The contributors provide a selection of theoretical and empirical research papers that deal with aspects of employee turnover, as well as its effects on workers and firms within the current socio-economic environment. It draws on theories and evidence from economics, management, social sciences and other related disciplines.
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Chapter 3: Understanding and measuring employee turnover

Kevin Morrell


This chapter revisits a paper in the International Journal of Management Reviews (IJMR): ‘Unweaving Leaving: The Use of Models in the Management of Employee Turnover’ (Morrell, Loan-Clarke and Wilkinson, 2001; Wiley, copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd), to examine some central and enduring questions in the study of employee turnover. It begins with an outline of the justification for carrying out research on turnover, and then traces forward the main theoretical approaches identified in that earlier IJMR review paper (referred to for simplicity from now as ‘Unweaving Leaving’). Core to this discussion is an account of three key and recurring themes in employee turnover: meaning, measurement and understanding. These can be related in turn to the broader organizational goal of effective management of turnover, though employee turnover is not simply an organizational or managerial problem. ‘Unweaving Leaving’ took an approach that focused on different theoretical models to understand turnover better, and this chapter continues with that focus. It is designed to offer a theoretical grounding in different approaches to conceptualizing and understanding how and why people leave their jobs. Although it is a complicated phenomenon, and although there are many sets of contingencies and complexities associated with turnover (temporal, social, contextual, relational, epistemological, managerial and so on) there are also points of theoretical and empirical stability and regularity. The continuing relevance of the models studied here shows this.

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