Selected Legal Issues
Chapter 4: Energy and law of the sea: Eastern Mediterranean Basin scenarios
Energy is a matter that touches upon almost every aspect of human endeavor in the modern era. It sustains levels of modernity and fuels further industrialization and economic development. Achieving a steady and reliable supply of energy is a principal concern of all States not endowed with sufficient energy resources to meet their energy demands. In short, energy is highly desirable. On the other hand, global energy consumption draws heavily from primary energy resources that are patchily distributed, finite, and highly polluting. The fact that the mainstay of global energy derives from resources that are finite and unequally distributed across the globe is worrying, given that it makes traditional energy resources acutely desirable. In turn, this acute desirability drives competition for access and control over energy resources to such lengths that this competition often escalates into armed conflict with grave humanitarian consequences.This persistence to mainly draw energy from finite polluting energy resources– particularly hydrocarbons such as oil, gas, and coal – means that discoveries of energy reserves in parts of the globe already marred by political tension and armed conflict could contribute to further regional precariousness. One such region is the Eastern Mediterranean Basin (EMB), which includes the following entities: Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Israel, the Palestinian Occupied Territories (namely, in the case of the EMB, the Gaza Strip), Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey.
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