China, India, and Japan
Chapter 9: The impact of development on the environment
In this chapter, we examine the impact of development on the environment. All three countries are in the process of, or have gone through a period of, rapid development which has had adverse impacts on the environment. The industrialization process in particular negatively affected ecosystems in China and Japan. Since India has not yet been through a full industrialization process, the nation has not experienced the severity of environmental problems stemming from human production processes; however, even so, India faces its own environmental challenges. We discuss those challenges in this chapter, starting with a general framework on environmental economic theory.
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