A Guide to Best Practice
Chapter 2: EIA in the Arctic
Before addressing EIA systems in the north, it is important to provide the context in which development activities occur. Conditions in the Arctic are unique in many respects. While the Arctic is still undeveloped, the economic growth that is taking place is occurring rapidly, which impacts the environment and communities in various ways. In addition, the region as a whole is sparsely populated; ecosystems are quite fragile; there is less biodiversity; recovery rates for vegetation are very long; traditional livelihoods still feature prominently and require large amounts of land (e.g. for reindeer herding); and indigenous peoples are playing an increasingly significant role in the approval of development projects. One of the less frequently mentioned defining characteristics is that the Arctic is perhaps the last remaining large geographic region where a very special human–nature relationship still exists, and there remains an opportunity to keep this relationship intact. Like many relatively pristine areas that are newly experiencing a surge in economic activities, an inherent tension exists among the people in the Arctic in that they want to preserve nature but also benefit monetarily from development activities.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.