Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic
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Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic

A Guide to Best Practice

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva

Significant growth in economic activity in the Arctic has added weight to the argument that projects must be developed responsibly and sustainably. Addressing growing concerns regarding the exploitation of the Arctic’s natural resources, this timely book presents and evaluates examples of best practice in Arctic environmental impact assessment.
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Chapter 4: Approach and methodology

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva


Our approach to the book is based on the one we adopted for the Tekes project on company best practices in Arctic EIA. In brief, the first part entails research on all eight Arctic countries’ EIA systems, while the second part focuses on semi-structured interviews, some by phone but many in person, to ascertain best practice examples. We make no assertion, however, that this is in any way a comprehensive survey. While we attempted to interview all stakeholders relevant to the EIA process, it was in some cases difficult (with the exception of Finland) to obtain interviews with companies. NGOs were difficult for another reason, which is that few of them, especially in the Nordic countries, are of a size to have much experience in EIA. Even with these constraints we have nevertheless been able to gather a number of interesting best practice examples across the Arctic region that hopefully will be informative, useful and interesting as well.

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