Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic
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Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic

A Guide to Best Practice

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva

Significant growth in economic activity in the Arctic has added weight to the argument that projects must be developed responsibly and sustainably. Addressing growing concerns regarding the exploitation of the Arctic’s natural resources, this timely book presents and evaluates examples of best practice in Arctic environmental impact assessment.
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Chapter 12: Russia

Timo Koivurova, Pamela Lesser, Sonja Bickford, Paula Kankaanpää and Marina Nenasheva


The environmental impact assessment (EIA), or OVOS in Russian terminology, is mandatory for planned economic and other activity that can have a direct or indirect impact on the environment. This statement is based on the requirements of: The Constitution of the Russian Federation, according to Article 42 of which: ‘everyone has a right to a favourable environment, as well as reliable information about it’. The Federal Law ‘On environmental protection’ No.7-FZ of January 10, 2002. According to Article 32, the assessment of environmental impacts is obligatory for all projects that ‘have a direct or indirect impact on the environment’.3 The Federal Law ‘On ecological expertise’ No.174-FZ of November 23, 1995, which sets out the requirement for an ecological expertise regarding the EIA materials. The ‘Regulation on the Assessment of Environmental Impact’, approved by Order of the State Ecology Committee of the Russian Federation No.372 of May 16, 2000, that describes step-by-step the common procedure of the EIA in the Russian Federation, as well as requirements for the EIA materials.

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