Remote Human Settlements in Developed Nations
Edited by Andrew Taylor, Dean B. Carson, Prescott C. Ensign, Lee Huskey, Rasmus O. Rasmussen and Gertrude Saxinger
Chapter 6: Place-based planning in remote regions: Cape York Peninsula, Australia and Nunavut, Canada
6. Place- ased planning in remote b regions: Cape York Peninsula, Australia and Nunavut, Canada Sharon Harwood, Ed Wensing and Prescott C. Ensign INTRODUCTION This chapter explores how planning theories and methods applied to the creation of regional development plans for remote regions in Australia and Canada reinforce the socio-conomic disadvantages of the Indigenous e populations in those regions. The literature regarding planning for economic development in remote regions highlights the inadequacies of top- down sectoral- ased approaches in favour of a place- ased approach, yet b b the practice of place- ased planning remains elusive. This chapter highb lights the need for a place- ased approach to regional planning through b an analysis of implications of contemporary practice upon the social and economic well- eing of the Indigenous peoples1 of Cape York Peninsula in b Australia and Nunavut in Canada. In this chapter we use the term ‘regional planning’ to mean planning over very large geographical regions that are sparsely populated with several small settlements or villages. PLANNING FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN A REMOTE REGION: AN OXYMORON? Planning is the process of managing change within communities and is a human activity undertaken by humans for humans (Harwood, 2010). It is invariably value laden, focuses on the future and is in a sense optimistic because humans assume they can control the forces that impact upon their future. Planning can also be described as an intervention to alter the existing course of events (Campbell and Fainstein, 2003) to create an improved...
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