Settlements at the Edge
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Settlements at the Edge

Remote Human Settlements in Developed Nations

  • New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Andrew Taylor, Dean B. Carson, Prescott C. Ensign, Lee Huskey, Rasmus O. Rasmussen and Gertrude Saxinger

Settlements at the Edge examines the evolution, characteristics, functions and shifting economic basis of settlements in sparsely populated areas of developed nations. With a focus on demographic change, the book features theoretical and applied cases which explore the interface between demography, economy, well-being and the environment. This book offers a comprehensive and insightful knowledge base for understanding the role of population in shaping the development and histories of northern sparsely populated areas of developed nations including Alaska (USA), Australia, Canada, Greenland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Finland and other nations with territories within the Arctic Circle.
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Chapter 11: Contemporary Aboriginal settlements: understanding mixed-market approaches

Judith Lovell, Don Zoellner, John Guenther, François Brouard and J.J. McMurtry

Extract

Judith Lovell, Don Zoellner, John Guenther, François Brouard and J.J. McMurtry INTRODUCTION As the authors in Chapter 7 of this volume have expounded, contemporary public policy making is often based upon the use of data and statistics provided by national agencies through collections such as censuses. These are not altogether ‘fit for purpose’ in relation to the small resident numbers living in contemporary Aboriginal settlements in remote regions of advanced market democracies. On the one hand, the laws of large numbers underpin the power of the data and statistics approach, and quite rationally, policy is made on the basis of understanding what happens at the population level. On the other hand, the economically rational individual choice maker is the conceptual unit by which economic activity is understood by policy makers. Because most public policy is aimed at changing behaviour (Australian Public Service Commission, 2007) the actions of individuals are guided by a series of encouragements and penalties to assist in decision- aking. Results are measured and reported upon at the popum lation level. This produces a paradox – the targets of policies are at the personal level while the understanding of their activities is at the population level. Foucault (2007, pp. 127–9) refers to this as ‘individualising yet totalising’ and a feature of modern government which produces constant tension in the implementation of programmes and policies, articularly p among settlements ‘on the edge’ of developed nations (Carson et al., 2011). It is ironic that it was the application of...

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