Active Inclusion in a Multi-Level and Multi-Actor Context
Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden
Chapter 7: Killing, domesticating or feeding the snake: the implementation of the Europe 2020 anti-poverty component at the national level
This chapter analyses the implementation of the Europe 2020 anti-poverty strategy in five countries: Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden and the UK. As argued in Chapter 4, a social-friendly institutional re-articulation of the novel Europeanized space of interaction requires the construction of an EU ‘social space’ to ‘nest’ national welfare states effectively within the overall spatial architecture of the EU (Ferrera, 2009). This is necessarily a gradual and complex process since it involves a large number of institutional, political and social actors in a multi-level framework. Moreover, potential tensions may arise along three main dimensions: (1) at the EU level, between economic and social objectives; (2) between supranational and national institutions, with particular reference to the potential conflict between member states’ social sovereignty/discretion and the EU’s regulations; and (3) among member states regarding the size and mechanisms of cross-national transfers – that is, ‘rich’ versus ‘poor’ countries.
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