Handbook of Organizational Politics
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Handbook of Organizational Politics

SECOND EDITION Looking Back and to the Future

Edited by Eran Vigoda-Gadot and Amos Drory

The Handbook of Organizational Politics offers a broad perspective on the intriguing phenomena of power, influence and politics in the modern workplace; their meaning for individuals, groups and other organizational stakeholders; and their effect on organizational outcomes and performances. Comprising entirely of new chapters and insights, this second edition revisits the theory on organizational politics (OP) and examines its progress and changes in emphasis in recent years. This timely and informative book provides a comprehensive set of state-of–the-art studies on workplace politics based on experiences from around the world. The contributors highlight topics such as political skills, political will, politics and leadership, compensations, politics and performance, and politics and learning climate.
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Chapter 2: Playing the political game at work: the roles of political will, political prudence and political skill

Ilias Kapoutsis


At work, people quickly realize that achieving personal and organizational objectives largely depends on their political behavior. But little is known about the motivational and cognitive aspects that initiate, shape and make such behavior effective in the long run. This chapter focuses on two largely under-investigated topics: political will and political prudence. Contrary to the established view that political behavior is self-serving in nature, current advances in the political will literature suggest that the willingness to expend political capital can also start from benevolent motives. However, while political will may be seen as the fuel that keeps the political machine running, it also runs the risk if left uncontrolled of depleting quickly, and may thus fail to bring about the intended change to the status quo. It is suggested that political prudence will mitigate this risk. The direction, intensity and persistence of political behavior is set by a decision-making process whereby individuals rely on rationality and realism to assess alternative courses of action and find the one most situationally appropriate. It is proposed that political prudence is a multidimensional construct encompassing five dimensions, and that it may either buffer the effect of political will on political behavior and/or exacerbate it on strategic goal attainment. Finally, the chapter highlights the role of political skill as a quality assurance mechanism that can help prudent decisions not only to be made but also to be effectively implemented.

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