Governance, Environment and Socio-Economic Imperatives
Edited by François Gipouloux
Chapter 11: Historic urban landscapes in Shanghai: the challenging path from recognition to innovation and appropriation within an accelerated socio-economic context
Shanghai had been playing a major role in China in defining and establishing particularly innovative practices for the conservation of the architectural and urban heritage. In 2003, the municipality set up 12 protected sectors, representing one-third of the area of the town in 1949. Capacity for experimentation, associated with regulations defined by the city of Shanghai, is backed up by the establishment of committees of experts, including the architects and urban planners from the departments of the municipality and those involved in research and urban planning projects at Tongji University. Over the past three decades, experimental operations have been implemented in very different socio-economic contexts: before 1989; after Deng Xiaoping’s journey to the south in 1992; and after the housing reform and the new status of ownership for city dwellers.1 Land and property speculation, the definition and application of new urban regulations and the participation of residents constituted major steps in the whole process, which has gone hand in hand with a gradual recognition of whole chapters of the history of the city and the important figures who built it or lived there.
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