Governance, Environment and Socio-Economic Imperatives
Edited by François Gipouloux
Chapter 12: The challenge of brownfield rehabilitation: a case study of Dadukou District, Chongqing
Brownfield rehabilitation is a new phenomenon in China, where, until recently, the local government was used to making a clean sweep of its industrial past and moving past the post-Fordism period by building a modern and attractive future through the Chinese metropolis. This process of brownfield rehabilitation appeared in the 1960s in Europe and North America, in conjunction with an emerging consciousness of the value of industrial heritage, and has been exported since the end of the 1990s to some of the BRIC countries, such as China, where there has been a marked growth in urbanization. Notably, the huge renovation projects, which are a part of this rapid urbanization, have started to attract criticism, while an increased demand for heritage has emerged in China (Giroud, 2011). This chapter will analyse the case of Dadukou District, one of the nine downtown districts of Chongqing, as an illustration of this phenomenon. The post-industrial city of Chongqing was a wartime capital from 1937 through 1946, where heavy industries were located to meet the steel demand for the Second Sino-Japanese War. Dadukou District, where the Chongqing Iron and Steel Company was based, was a major industrial area until 2006, when, confronted with pollution and environmental directives, the State Council decided to move heavy industries away from urban areas.
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