Concept, Policy and Implementation
Edited by Ricard Zapata-Barrero
Chapter 3: Interculturalism in Montréal and Barcelona
This chapter analyses diversity policies in Québec and Catalonia, with particular focus on how Montréal’s and Barcelona’s municipal governments have understood and implemented intercultural policies. We do not intend to just present and describe these policies, but rather to understand the interaction between their components, show the (im)balance between them and draw a number of conclusions on the understanding that public actors have on this issue. The approach thus combines a brief normative reflection on the concept of interculturalism and how it has fueled public policies within governments and a number of municipalities. This chapter is divided into three sections. The first examines the constitutive dimensions of interculturalism and their transcription into public policies. We will show that it is possible to distinguish between three distinct and complementary dimensions that make up this approach: instrumentalist, humanist, and a component that focuses on the specific components of citizenship (social cohesion, belonging, loyalty and participation). The second and third sections present a brief overview of Québec’s and Catalonia’s policies on interculturalism as well as the public policies developed in Montréal and Barcelona, disaggregated by the three above mentioned dimensions.
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