Concept, Policy and Implementation
Edited by Ricard Zapata-Barrero
Chapter 9: Assessing the capacity of the media to reflect diversity and promote migrant integration
The population of the EU was 501.1 million on 1 January 2010. The total number of non-nationals (people who are not citizens of their country of residence) living on the territory of an EU Member State on 1 January 2010 was 32.5 million persons, representing 6.5 percent of the EU-27 population. Two-thirds of this population, that is 20.2 million people were citizens of a non-EU country. The social and economic integration of third country nationals into the societies they live in is an important challenge that the European Union is faced with in the twenty-first century. Migrants’ social integration and insertion in the labour market is a prerequisite for social cohesion and economic prosperity for Europe as a whole. This is particularly so at times of economic crisis as those we have been living in since 2008. Unfortunately, rising unemployment and feelings of increasing insecurity make immigrants from third countries ‘easy’ targets of xenophobic and racist attitudes. Far right parties like the Front National in France, the Popular Association – Golden Dawn and LAOS parties in Greece or Lega Nord in Italy find convenient answers to the citizens’ worries by putting the blame for all sorts of social or economic problems on to immigrants.
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