How Have Economy and Governance Evolved since 500 BC?
This book examines the evolution of Chinese governmental governance and its long-lasting impact on Chinese economic development, firstly by examining the formation of Chinese style governance, the core contents of this governance and its vitality compared to other governance patterns in Chinese history. Secondly, this book discusses the effectiveness of this governance in supporting economic development before the Song dynasty and its failure in serving economic development during the past three to five centuries. Ultimately, Hongjun Zhao predicts the direction Chinese governance will take in the next 20 years.
Show Summary Details
Abu-Lughod, Janet L., 1991. Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250–1350, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson, 2001. “The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation,” American Economic Review, 91(5), 1369–401.
Adams, Richard M., Cynthia Rosenzweig, Robert M. Peart et al., 1990. “Global Climate Change and US Agriculture,” Nature, 345(17), 219–24.
Ahluwalia Isher, J., 1985. Industrial Growth in India: Stagnation Since the Mid-sixties, Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Alchian, Armen A. and Harold Demsetz, 1972. “Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization,” American Economic Review, 62(5), 777–95.
Arrow, Kenneth J. and G. Debreu, 1954. “Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy,” Econometrica, 22(3), 265–90.
Baechler, J., John A. Hall and Michael Mann, eds, 1988. Europe and the Rise of Europe, Oxford: Blackwell.
Bagehot, W., 1895. Physics and Politics; or Thoughts on the Application of the Principles of “Natural Selection” and “Inheritance” to Political Science, New York: D. Appleton.
Bairoch, Paul, 1991. Cities and Economic Development, From the Dawn of History to the Present, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Balazs, Etienne, 1964. Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Barker, R., R.W. Herdt and B. Rose, 1985. The Rice Economy of Asia, Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
Barro, Robert, 1991. “Economic Growth in a Cross-section of Countries,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(2), 407–43.
Baum, Richard, 1986. “Modernization and Legal Reform in Post-Mao China: The Rebirth of Socialist Legality,” Studies in Comparative Communism, xix(2), Summer, 70–2.
Becker, G.S. and K.M. Murphy, 1992. “The Division of Labor, Coordination Costs, and Knowledge,” American Economic Review, 84(3), 396–418.
Blaut, J.M., 1993. The Colonizer’s Model of the World, Geographical Diffusionism and Eurocentric History, New York: The Guilford Press.
Blaut, J.M., 2000. Eight Eurocentric Historians, New York: The Guilford Press.
Boddle, Derk, 1938. China’s First Unifier: A Study of the Ch’in Dynasty as Seen in the Life of Li Ssu, Sinica Leisensia, Vol. 3, Leiden: E.J. Brill, pp.133–46.
Boulding, K.E., 1976. “The Great Laws of Change,” in A.M. Tang, Fred M. Westfield, and James S. Worley, eds, Evolution, Welfare, and Times in Economics, Canada: Lexington Books, pp.3–14.
Braudel, Ferenand, 1974. Capitalism & Material Life, 1400–1800, New York: Harper Collins.
Braudel, Fernand, 1979. Civilization and Capitalism 15th–18th Century, New York: Harper & Row.
Bray, Francesca, 1983. “Patterns of Evolution in Rice-growing Societies,” Journal of Peasant Studies, 11(1), 3–33.
Bray, Francesca, 1986. The Rice Economies: Technology and Development in Asian Societies, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Bryson, Reid A. and Christine Padoch, 1981. “On the Climates of History,” in Robert I. Rotberg and Theodore K. Rebb, eds, Climate and History: Studies in Interdisciplinary History, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp.3–17.
Buchanan, James M., 1994. “The Return to Increasing Returns,” in James M. Buchanan and Y. Yoon, eds, The Return to Increasing Returns, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Buck, John Lossing, 1986. Land Utilization in China, Nanjing: Commercial Press.
Carr-Saunders, A.M., 1936. World Population: Past Growth and Future Trends, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Chao, Kang, 1977. The Development of Cotton Textile Production in China, Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chao Kang, 1986. Man and Land in Chinese History, an Economics Analysis, Redwood, CA: Stanford University Press.
Chayanov, A.V., 1925. The Theory of Peasant Economy, reprinted in 1986, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Cheung, Steven, 1983. “The Contractual Nature of the Firm,” Journal of Law and Economics, 26(1), 1–26.
Chu, C.Y. Cyrus and Ronald D. Lee, 1994. “Famine, Revolt, and the Dynastic Cycle: Population Dynamics in Historical China,” Journal of Population Economics, 7, 351–78.
Clough, S.B. and C.W. Cole, 1952. Economic History of Europe, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath Publishing House, p.66.
Coase, Ronald H., 1960. “The Problem of Social Cost,” Journal of Law and Economics, 3(1), 1–44.
Cohen, H. Floris, 1994. The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp.439–83.
Curriero, Frank C., Karlyn Heiner, Jonathan Samet, Scott Zeger, Lisa Strug, and Jonathan A. Patz, 2002. “Temperature and Mortality in 11 Cities of the Eastern United States,” American Journal of Epidemiology, 155(1), 80–7.
Demsetz, Harold, 1988. Ownership, Control and the Firm, Oxford: Blackwell.
Deng Gang, 1993. Development versus Stagnation, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Deng Gang, 1999. The Premodern Chinese Economy: Structural Equilibrium and Capitalist Sterility, London and New York: Routledge.
Deng Gang, 2000. “A Critical Survey of Recent Research in Chinese Economic History,” Economic History Review, LIII(1), 1–28.
Deschenes, Olivier and Michael Greenstone, 2007. “The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Output and Random Fluctuations in Weather,” American Economic Review, 97, 354–85.
Deschenes, Olivier and Enrico Moretti, 2007. “Extreme Weather Events, Mortality, and Migration,” NBER Working Paper No. 13227.
Diamond, J.M., 1998. “Peeling Chinese Onion,” Nature, 29, 433–4.
Diamond, J.M., 1999. Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, New York: W.W. Norton & Co, Chinese translation version 2000, Shanghai: Shanghai Translation Press.
Duchesne, Richard, 2006. “Asia First?” Journal of the Historical Society, 6(1), 69–91.
Durand, John D., 1960. “The Population Statistics of China, A.D. 2–1953,” Population Studies, 13(3), 209–56.
Edwards, Ronald A., 1999. “Essay in Fiscal Centralization and Economic Development,” PhD Dissertation, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota.
Elvin, Mark, 1973. The Pattern of the Chinese Past, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Elvin, Mark, 1984. “Why China Failed to Create an Endogenous Industrial Capitalism: A Critique of Max Weber’s Explanation,” Theory and Society, 13(3), 379–91.
Fairbank, John King, 1965. East Asia: The Modern Transformation, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Fairbank, John King, 1983. The United States and China, Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Fairbank, J.K., Alexander Eckstein, and L.S. Yang, 1960. “Economic Change in Early Modern China: An Analytic Framework,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 9(1), 1–26.
Feng YouLan, 1922. “Why China Has No Science—an Interpretation of History and Consequences of Chinese Philosophy,” The International Journal of Ethics, 32(3), 239–63.
Feuerwerker, A., 1976a. The Foreign Establishment in China in the Early Twentieth Century, Arbor, MI: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.
Feuerwerker, A., 1976b. “The State and the Economy in Late Imperial China,” Theory and Society, 13(3), 297–326.
Feuerwerker, A., 1990. “Chinese Economic History in Comparative Perspective,” in Paul S. Ropp, ed., Heritage of China: Contemporary Perspectives on Chinese Civilization, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Field, Simon, 1992. “The Effect of Temperature on Crime,” British Journal of Criminology, 32, 340–51.
Flynn, Dennis O., 1996. World Silver and Monetary History in the 16th and 17th Centuries, Aldershot: Variorum.
Flynn, Dennis O. and Arturo Giraldez, 1995a. “Born with a ‘Silver Spoon’: The Origin of World Trade 1571,” Journal of World History, 6(2), 201–21.
Flynn, Dennis O. and Arturo Giraldez, 1995b. “Arbitrage, China and World Trade in the Early Modern Period,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 38(4), 429–48.
Fogel, Robert William, 1964. Railroads and American Economic Growth, Essays in Econometric History, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Fogel, Robert William, 1994. Without Consent or Contract, the Rise and Fall of American Slavery, New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Frank, Andre Gunder, 1998. ReOrient: Global Economy in Asian Age, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Frankel, Jeffrey and David Romer, 1999. “Does Trade Cause Growth?” American Economics Review, 89(3), 279–96.
Fukuyama, Francis, 2015. Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy, New York: Farr, Straus and Gibroux.
Geertz, Clifford, 1963. Agricultural Involution, the Process of Ecological Change in Indonesia, Oakland, CA: University of California Press.
Glahn, Richard Von, 1996. Fountain of Fortune: Money and Monetary Policy in China: 1000–1700, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Goldstone, Jack, A., 1991. Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Goldstone, Jack, A., 2000. “The Rise of the West—Or Not? A Revision to Socio-economic History,” Sociological Theory, 18(2), 175–94.
Goldstone, Jack, A., 2002. “Efflorescences and Economic Growth in World History: Rethinking the ‘Rise of the West’ and the Industrial Revolution,” Journal of World History, 13(2), 323–89.
Goldstone, Jack, A., 2008. Why Europe? The Rise of the West in World History 1500–1850, Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill Education.
Goody, Jack, 1996. The East in the West, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Guiteras, Raymond, 2007. “The Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture,” Mimeo, MIT Department of Economics.
Hahn, Frank, 1973. On the Notion of Equilibrium in Economics, an Inaugural Lecture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hall, R.E. and C.I. Jones, 1999. “Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(1), 83–116.
Hartwell, Robert, 1962. “A Revolution in the Chinese Iron and Coal Industry during the Northern Sung, AD 960–1126,” Journal of Asian Studies, 21(2), 153–62.
Hartwell, Robert, 1966. “Markets, Technology and the Structure of Enterprise in the Development of the Eleventh Century Chinese Iron and Steel Industry,” Journal of Economic History, 26(1), 29–58.
Hayek, F.A., 2001. The Road to Serfdom, Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge.
Hegel, G.W.F., 1977. Phenomenology of Spirit, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hicks, John, 1969. A Theory of Economic History, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ho Ping-ti, 1959. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953, Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hobson, John M., 2004. The Eastern Origins of Western Civilization, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hodgson, Geoffrey M., 2002. How Economics Forgot History: The Problem of Historical Specificity in Social Science, London: Routledge.
Hsieh, Chiao-min, 1973. Atlas of China, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Huang, Philip C.C., 1990. The Peasant Family and Rural Development in the Yangzi Delta, 1350–1988, Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Huang, Philip C.C., 1991. “The Paradigmatic Crises in Chinese Studies: Paradoxes in Social and Economic History,” Modern China, 17(3), 299–341.
Huff, Toby E., 1993. The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Huntington, Ellsworth, 1915. Civilization and Climate, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Groups I, II, and III, http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml (accessed May 4, 2018).
Ishikawa, S. 1967. Economic Development in Asian Perspective, Tokyo: Kinokuniya.
Jacob, Brian, Lars Lefgren, and Enrico Moretti, 2007. “The Dynamics of Criminal Behavior: Evidence from Weather Shocks,” Journal of Human Resources, 42(3), 489–527.
Jones, E.L., 1974. Agriculture and Industrial Revolution, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Jones, E.L., 1981. The European Miracle: Environments, Economies and Geopolitics in the History of Europe and Asia, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jones, E.L., 1990. “The Real Question About China: Why was the Song Economic Achievement Not Repeated?” Australian Economic History Review, 30, 5–22.
Jones, E.L., 1991. “A Framework for the History of Economic Growth in Southeast Asia,” Australian Economic History Review, 31(1), 5–19.
Keenan, Barry, 1977. The Dewey Experiment in China: Educational Reform and Political Power in the Early Republic, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kelly, Morgan, 1997. “The Dynamics of Smithian Growth,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(3), 939–64.
Krugman, Paul, 1991. “Increasing Returns and Economic Geography,” Journal of Political Economy, 99(31), 483–99.
Krugman, Paul, 1995. Development, Geography and Economic Theory, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Landes, D.S., 1998. The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some are So Rich and Some So Poor, New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Landes, D.S., 2006. “Why Europe and the West? Why not China?” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(2), 3–22.
Lang, Graeme, 1997a. “Structural Factors in the Origins of Modern Science: A Comparison of China and Europe,” in Steven T. de Zepetnet and Jennifer W. Jay, eds, East Asian Cultural and Historical Perspectives, Edmonton: Research Institute for Comparative Literature and Cross Cultural Studies, University of Alberta, pp.71–96.
Lang, Graeme, 1997b. “State-systems and the Origins of Modern Science: A Comparison of Europe and China,” East-West Dialogue, 2(1), 16–31.
Lang, Graeme, 1998. “Why Science Did Not Develop in China: A Historical Comparison with Europe,” China News Digest (CND), June 19.
Lavely, William and Wong R. Bin, 1998. “Revising the Malthusian Narrative: The Comparative Study of Population Dynamics in Late Imperial China,” Journal of Asian Studies, 57, 714–48.
Lee, J.S. 1931. “The Periodic Recurrence of Internecine Wars in China,” The China Journal, XIV(3/4), 111–15, 159–63.
Lee, James, Z. and Cameron Campbell, 1997. Fate and Fortune in Rural China: Social Organization and Population Behavior in Liaoning 1774–1873, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lee, James and Feng Wang, 1999a. “Malthusian Models and Chinese Realities: The Chinese Demographic System 1700–2000,” Population and Development Review, 25, 33–65.
Lee, James and Feng Wang, 1999b. One Quarter of Humanity: Malthusian Mythology and Chinese Realities, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lin, Justin Yifu, 1995. “The Needham Puzzle: Why the Industrial Revolution Did Not Originate in China,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 43(2), 269–92.
Lippt, Victor D., 1974. Land Reform and Economic Development in China, New York: International Arts and Sciences Press.
Liu, James T.C. and Peter J. Golas, 1969. Change in Sung China: Innovation or Renovation, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath & Co.
Lucas, Robert E., 1988. “On the Mechanics of Economic Development,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 22(1), 3–42.
Lucas, Robert E., 1993. “Making a Miracle,” Econometrica, 61(2), 251–72.
Lucas, Robert, E. Jr, 2004. “The Industrial Revolution: Past and Future,” The Region, May, 5–20.
Ma, Laurence J.C., 1971. Commercial Development and Urban Change in Sung China (960–1279), Ann Arbor, MI: Department of Geography, University of Michigan.
Macflare, A., 1979. The Origins of English Individualism: The Family, Property, and Social Transition, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Maddison, Angus, 1998. Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run: AD 960–2030, Paris: OECD.
Maddison, Angus, 2001. The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective, Paris: OECD.
Maddison, Angus, 2003. The World Economy, Historical Statistics, Paris: OECD.
Marin, Jacques, 2009. When China Rules the World, the End of the Western World and the Birth of a New Global Order, London: Penguin Books.
Marks, Robert B., 1997. Tigers, Rice, Silk, and Silt: Environment and Economy in Late Imperial South China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marshall, Alfred, 1890. Principles of Economics, reprinted in 1997, Amherst: Prometheus Books.
Mellinger, Andrew, Jeffrey Sachs, and John L. Gallup, 1999. “Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development,” Harvard University, Center for International Development, Working Paper, No. 24.
Mendelsohn, Robert, Ariel Dinar, and Apurva Sanghi, 2001. “The Effect of Development on the Climate Sensitivity of Agriculture,” Environmental and Development Economics, 6, 85–101.
Mokyr, Joel, 1990. Twenty-five Centuries of Technological Change: An Historical Survey, London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Mokyr, Joel, 1992. The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mokyr, Joel, 1999. “Eurocentricity Triumphant,” American Historical Review, 104(4), 1241–6.
Mokyr, Joel, 2002. The Gifts of Athena: Historical Origins of the Knowledge Economy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mokyr, Joel, 2003. “The Riddle of ‘The Great Divergence’: Intellectual and Economic Factors in the Growth of the West,” Historical Speaking: The Bulletin of the Historical Society, Vol. V, No.1.
Montesquieu, Charles de, 1748. The Spirit of the Laws, reprinted in 1989, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Needham, Joseph, 1944. “Science and Culture in China,” Lecture, Zhejiang University, Meitan, Guizhou Province, China, October 25.
Needham, Joseph, 1954. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. 1, Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Needham, Joseph, 1961. Science and Civilization in China, Vols 1–6, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Needham, Joseph, 1969. The Great Titration: Science and Society in China and the West, London: George Allen & Unwin.
Needham, Joseph, 1981. Science in Traditional China: A Comparative Perspective, Hong Kong: Chinese University Press.
Needham, Joseph, 1986. Science and Civilization in China, Vol. 6, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nelson, Benjamin, 1974. Sciences and Civilizations, “East” and “West,” Joseph Needham and Marx Weber, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 11, pp.445–93.
North, Douglas C., 1976. The Rise of the Western World, a New Economic History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
North, Douglas C., 1982. Structure and Change in Economic History, New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
North, Douglas C. and Robert Paul Thomas, 1973. The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nowak, L., 1991. Power and Civil Society: Toward a Dynamic Theory of Real Socialism, trans. Krzysztof Sawala, New York: Greenwood Press.
Olson, Mancur, 2000. Power and Prosperity: Outgrowing Communists and Capitalist Dictatorships, New York: Basic Books.
Perkins, D.H., 1967. “Government as an Obstacle to Industrialization: The Case of Nineteenth-century China,” Journal of Economic History, 27(4), 478–92.
Perkins, D.H., 1969. Agricultural Development in China, 1368–1968, Chicago, IL: Aladdin Publishing.
Perkins, D.H., 1975. China’s Modern Economy in Historical Perspective, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Peyrefitte, Alain, 2013. The Immobile Empire, New York: Vintage.
Pomeranz, Kenneth, 2000. The Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of Modern World Economy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Popkin, S.L., 1979. The Rational Peasant: The Political Economy of Rural Society in Vietnam, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Qian Wenyuan, 1985. The Great Inertia: Scientific Stagnation in Traditional China, London: Croom Helm.
Ramo, Joshua Cooper, 2004. The Beijing Consensus, The Foreign Policy Centre, Spring, https://fpc.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2006/09/240-1.pdf (accessed May 12, 2018).
Rashevsky, N., 1968. Looking at History through Mathematics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
René Grousset, 1970. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, Chapel Hill, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Restivo, Sal, 1979. “Joseph Needham and the Comparative Sociology of Chinese and Modern Science,” Research in Sociology of Knowledge, Science and Art, 2, 25–51.
Rodrik, Dani, 2003. In Search of Prosperity: Analytic Narratives on Economic Growth, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rodrik, Dani, A. Subramanian and F. Trebbi, 2004. “Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development,” Journal of Economic Growth, 9(2), 131–65.
Rozman, G., 1973. Urban Networks in Ch’ing China and Tokugawa Japan, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rozov, N.S., 1997. “An Apologia for Theoretical History,” History and Theory, 36(3), 336–52.
Sachs, Jeffrey, 2001. “The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality,” Washington Quarterly, 24(3), 185–98.
Sachs, Jeffery and A.M. Warner, 1995. “Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, No. 1, 1–118.
Schultz, T.W., 1964. Transforming Traditional Agriculture, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1954. History of Economic Analysis, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
Scott, James C., 1972. “The Erosion of Patron-Client Bonds and Social Change in Rural Southeast Asia,” Journal of Asian Studies, 32(1), 5–37.
Scott, James C., 1976. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Shiba, Y., 1970. Commerce and Society in Sung China, Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan.
Shiue, Carol, 2002. “Transport Costs and the Geography of Arbitrage in Eighteenth-century China,” American Economic Review, 92(5), 1406–19.
Shiue, Carol and Wolfgang Keller, 2007. “Markets in China and Europe on the Eve of the Industrial Revolution,” American Economic Review, 97(4), 1189–216.
Skinner, G. William, 1964. “Marketing and Social Structure in Rural China: Part I,” Journal of Asian Studies, 24(1), 3–43.
Skinner, G. William, 1965. “Marketing and Social Structure in Rural China: Part II,” Journal of Asian Studies, 24(2), 195–228; 24(3), 363–99.
Skinner, G. William, ed., 1977. The City in Late Imperial China, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Smith, Adam, 1776. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Spencer, J. and W. Thomas, 1971. Asia East by South, New York: Wiley.
Stokey, N.L., 2001. A Quantitative Model of the British Industrial Revolution, 1780–1850, Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Vol. 55, No.1, pp.55–109.
Tang, Anthony, 1979. “China’s Agricultural Legacy,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 28(1), 1–22.
Temple, Robert, 1986. The Genius of China: 3000 Years of Science, Discovery and Invention, New York: Touchstone Books.
Turchin, Peter, 2003. Historical Dynamics, Why States Rise and Fall, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp.36–69.
Wallerstein, I., 1974. The Modern World System I, Capitalist Agriculture and the Origin of the European World Economy in the Sixteenth Century, New York: Academic Press.
Wang Yeh-chien, 1992. “Secular Trends of Rice Prices in Yangzi Delta, 1632–1935,” in T.G. Rawski and Lillian M. Li, eds, Chinese History in Economic Perspective, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, pp. 36–69.
Weber, Alfred, 1909. Theory of the Location of Industries, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Weber, Max, 1930. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, London: Routledge.
Weber, Max, 1964. The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism, Tallahassee, FL: The Macmillan Company.
Wen Guanzhong, James, 1993. “Total Factor Productivity Change in China’s Farming Sector: 1952–1989,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 42(1), 1–41.
Wen Guanzhong, James, 2011. “Why was China Trapped in an Agrarian Society—an Economic Geographical Approach to the Needham Puzzle,” Frontier of Economics in China, 6(4), 507–34.
Williamson, S.H., 1991. “The History of Cliometrics,” in J. Mokyr, ed., The Vital One: Essays in Honor of Jonathan R.T. Hughes. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, pp.15–31. REH, suppl. 6.
Wittfogel, K.A., 1957. Oriental Despotism—a Comparative Study of Total Power, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Wong, Bin, 1997. China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Yang Xiaokai, 2003a. Development Economics: Inframarginal versus Marginal Analysis, Oxford: Blackwell.
Yang Xiaokai and Jeffery Borland, 1991. “A Microeconomic Mechanism for Economic Growth,” Journal of Political Economy, IX, 460–82.
Yao Shan-yu, 1942. “The Chronological and Seasonal Distribution of Floods and Droughts in Chinese History 206 BC–AD 1911,” Harvard Journal of Asian Studies, 6(3/4), 273–312.
Young, Allyn A., 1928. “Increasing Returns and Economic Progress,” Economic Journal, 38(152), 527–42.