Edited by Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Moa Mårtensson, Lars Oxelheim and Thomas Persson
Chapter 3: The role of aid in reducing global imbalances: the EU and Africa
The EU as a whole – that is, the EU Commission together with the member states – is responsible for over half of global aid. The purpose of this aid is to reduce global imbalances and injustices. The biggest imbalance is the one between the rich countries and Africa; therefore, attacking this imbalance has top priority within the EU. This chapter discusses how the economic imbalance between the EU and Africa can be reduced with the help of development policy. The discussion of development policy is currently intense within the EU and elsewhere, due to rapid changes in the global economic landscape. Emerging economies are driving global growth and the development cooperation arena has seen diversification of actors, instruments and delivery mechanisms (Kharas and Rogerson, 2012; Addison et al., 2013; Mawdsley et al., 2014). There is a much greater presence of non-Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors such as China (Bräutigam, 2011; see also Chapter 8, this volume), and the non-governmental organization (NGO) sector has expanded dramatically and moved into new areas (Birdsall et al., 2013). There is a strong need to understand what works and what does not work in the complex business of development cooperation. This chapter seeks to contribute to this discussion from an EU perspective.
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