Edited by Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Moa Mårtensson, Lars Oxelheim and Thomas Persson
Chapter 7: Can the European Union use agreements to even out the global imbalance in the protection of human rights?
Respect for human rights is held up as an obvious presumption for all member states of the United Nations (UN). At the same time, the significant discrepancy in the level of protection accorded the human rights of individuals in different states is one of the greatest imbalances in the world today. In our modern global society, only 40 per cent of the world’s population live in states that are designated as ‘free’ according to Freedom House (2015). According to the World Bank’s forecast for 2015, 11.5 per cent of the world population will be below the international poverty lines, which means that they need to get by on less than the equivalent of 1.25 dollars a day (World Bank, 2015). International NGOs like Human Rights Watch report almost daily about the incredible differences in living conditions found among the world’s population, in terms of the protection accorded human rights (Human Rights Watch, 2015). Addressing the lack of protection for human rights and the lack of respect for democratic principles is a core issue for those who seek to even out these global imbalances.
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