Studies on Innovative Practices
Edited by Mattias Elg, Per- Erik Ellström, Magnus Klofsten and Malin Tillmar
Chapter 10: Exploring evidence-based practice in practice – the case of social work
Evidence-based practice (EBP) has emerged in response to growing demands in many fields that professional practice should be based on the most up-to-date and trustworthy scientific knowledge. At a general level, the key idea behind EBP is to bridge the gap between research and practice. Although EBP was developed in medicine, many other professions, ranging from the health professions to psychology, social work, probation, education and management, have been greatly influenced by principles from EBP. However, EBP is a much debated and contested concept within professional fields that have research traditions that clash with the central epistemological tenets of evidence-based medicine. Ambitions to establish and disseminate the evidence model are usually regarded as a movement, typically referred to as the evidence-based movement. The increasing interest in the evidence-based movement has been facilitated by developments in information technology, especially electronic databases and the Internet, which have enabled practitioners to identify, collate, disseminate and access research on a global scale.
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