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The New Global Politics of Science

Knowledge, Markets and the State

Mats Benner

Science has become a central political concern with massive increases in public investments and expectations, but resources are embedded in a complex web of societal expectations, which vary between countries and regions. This book outlines an insightful understanding of science policy as both concerning the governance of science itself (priority-setting, funding, organization and articulation with polity, society, and economy) and its extra-organizational connections, in terms of higher education, innovation and national policy concerns.
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Chapter 6: The European Union: straddling interests and expectations

Mats Benner

Extract

This chapter turns the attention to the European Union, and traces the evolution of its science and innovation policy back to the 1950s, when European integration began in earnest. It then follows the policy evolution, in its upswings and downturns, until the current period, and points to how policy developments have been tied to the European integration process more broadly. Europe today is at a crossroads, with either further integration or disintegration, and this will also profoundly affect the areas of science and innovation.

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